Employment
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OECD statistics contact: TAD.contact@oecd.org

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The OECD Fisheries questionnaires are sent annually.

The OECD Fisheries questionnaires are sent in March(y) asking for (y-1) data, and data are disseminated in December(y).

Click to expand Data source(s) used
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The employment data collection is part of the more comprehensive data gathering carried out on an annual basis by the Fisheries Committee (COFI) of the Trade and Agriculture Directorate (TAD) from OECD members and participating non-OECD economies.

Data on marine landings, aquaculture production, inland fisheries catch, fleet, employment, total allowable catch (TAC) and fisheries support estimate (FSE) are collected from Fisheries Ministries, National Statistics Offices and other institutions designated as an official data source. The surveys used for this exercise are the OECD Fisheries questionnaires.

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OECD statistics contact: TAD.contact@oecd.org

Click to expand Date last updated
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31-Dec-17

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Data on employment are collected by number of persons. For exceptions, please see the individual notes.

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The data provided by countries and disseminated by OECD are annual data.

Data refer to 31 December of the year reported. For exceptions, please see the individual notes.

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The data power code is zero.

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Number
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Data on employment are collected by economic sector, occupation rate and gender.

The occupation rate is defined as follows:

Full-time fishers receive at least 90% of their livelihood from fishing or spend at least 90% of their working time in that occupation.

Part-time fishers receive at least 30% but less than 90% of their livelihood from fishing or spend at least 30% but less than 90% of their working time in that occupation.

Occasional fishers receive under 30% of their livelihood from fishing, or spend under 30% of their working time in that occupation.

Marine Coastal Fishing refers to fishing in territorial waters, Marine Deep-Sea Fishing refers to fishing in high seas.

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The 'fishing population' includes all commercial, industrial and subsistence fishers, operating in freshwater, brackish water, and marine waters in economically inspired efforts to catch and land any of the great variety of aquatic animals and plants, should be included. People working on fish farms, hatcheries, and employed in shell fish culture operations, should also be included. The term 'fisher' should include not only those operating from fishing vessels of all types, but also those operating land-based fishing gears and installations from the banks of rivers, lakes, canals, dams etc., and from beaches and shores which do not require the use of auxilliary boats. Where possible a breakdown by the type of activity should be included. The crews on fish factory ships, mother ships to fishing fleets, and on auxilliary craft such as, fish carriers, and fish transport craft should be included.

The data collected nationally should include nationals, and others employed on nationally registered vessels landing their catches in foreign ports.

Foreign fishers working on foreign vessels landing in national ports should be excluded from the data. However the data should show, preferably separately, the national fishers working on foreign vessels chartered to national companies.

Fishers on whaling vessels should be recorded separately.

The crews of state-operated fishery patrol vessels, fishery protection vessels, hospital ships, etc. should be excluded from the fishers statistics.

The methodological reference document for fisheries and aquaculture statistics is the CWP Handbook of Fishery Statistics.

Click to expand Dissemination format(s)
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Employment data are disseminated on-line in the 'Fisheries and Aquaculture statistics' domain of OECD.Stat and in the biennial paper publication 'OECD Review of Fisheries, Policies and Summary Statistics'

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The CWP noted a number of problems in identifying and enumerating separately 'fishers' as primary producers among the economically active population. These problems arise largely from the seasonal availability of the various fishery resources compounded by the seasonal availability of more lucrative occupations. In many countries the number of people whose only source of income is from a year-round activity in fishing is small compared with the number of people entering the industry at peaks of activity in that industry, or slack periods in a more lucrative industry. For example, fishing is often of major importance in 'under-developed' regions where the other major industry may be tourism. (See FAO Fisheries Circular 929, Revision2). The fishing 'season' may be adapted so that it does not coincide with the peak tourist period from which earnings might well be higher.

Another problem is associated with subsistence fishing which is undertaken on a full-time, part-time, or occasional basis in many developed or developing communities as part of the occupation of the economically-active populations. However, people who are too young, too old to be normally included in the economically active population may be involved in subsistence fishing. These issues are further complicated where subsistence fishing merges with recreational fishing. For example, sports fishers and people owning and operating pleasure craft might try to offset their capital expenditure and running costs through the sale of fish caught during trips of such recreational craft.

EmploymentContact person/organisation

OECD statistics contact: TAD.contact@oecd.org

Data source(s) used

The employment data collection is part of the more comprehensive data gathering carried out on an annual basis by the Fisheries Committee (COFI) of the Trade and Agriculture Directorate (TAD) from OECD members and participating non-OECD economies.

Data on marine landings, aquaculture production, inland fisheries catch, fleet, employment, total allowable catch (TAC) and fisheries support estimate (FSE) are collected from Fisheries Ministries, National Statistics Offices and other institutions designated as an official data source. The surveys used for this exercise are the OECD Fisheries questionnaires.

Source Periodicity

The OECD Fisheries questionnaires are sent annually.

The OECD Fisheries questionnaires are sent in March(y) asking for (y-1) data, and data are disseminated in December(y).

Unit of measure usedNumberPower code

The data power code is zero.

Periodicity

The data provided by countries and disseminated by OECD are annual data.

Data refer to 31 December of the year reported. For exceptions, please see the individual notes.

Date last updated

31-Dec-17

Contact person

OECD statistics contact: TAD.contact@oecd.org

Other data characteristics

Data on employment are collected by number of persons. For exceptions, please see the individual notes.

Statistical population

The statistical population is the set of countries participating in the work of the COFI, i.e. OECD members, excluding landlocked countries, with some exceptions (Czech Republic and Slovakia are included, Israel is not).

The group includes also the following partner countries: Argentina, China, Chinese Taipei, Colombia, Costa Rica, Indonesia, Lithuania, Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation and Thailand.

In order to facilitate analysis and comparisons over time, historical data for OECD members have been provided over as long a period as possible, often even before a country became a member of the Organisation.

Information on the membership dates of all OECD countries can be found at OECD Ratification Dates.

OECD Ratification Dateshttp://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/list-oecd-member-countries.htm
Key statistical concept

The 'fishing population' includes all commercial, industrial and subsistence fishers, operating in freshwater, brackish water, and marine waters in economically inspired efforts to catch and land any of the great variety of aquatic animals and plants, should be included. People working on fish farms, hatcheries, and employed in shell fish culture operations, should also be included. The term 'fisher' should include not only those operating from fishing vessels of all types, but also those operating land-based fishing gears and installations from the banks of rivers, lakes, canals, dams etc., and from beaches and shores which do not require the use of auxilliary boats. Where possible a breakdown by the type of activity should be included. The crews on fish factory ships, mother ships to fishing fleets, and on auxilliary craft such as, fish carriers, and fish transport craft should be included.

The data collected nationally should include nationals, and others employed on nationally registered vessels landing their catches in foreign ports.

Foreign fishers working on foreign vessels landing in national ports should be excluded from the data. However the data should show, preferably separately, the national fishers working on foreign vessels chartered to national companies.

Fishers on whaling vessels should be recorded separately.

The crews of state-operated fishery patrol vessels, fishery protection vessels, hospital ships, etc. should be excluded from the fishers statistics.

The methodological reference document for fisheries and aquaculture statistics is the CWP Handbook of Fishery Statistics.

Definition of fishershttp://www.fao.org/cwp-on-fishery-statistics/handbook/socio-economic-data/fishers/en/CWP Handbook of Fishery Statisticshttp://www.fao.org/cwp-on-fishery-statistics/handbook/en/
Classification(s) used

Data on employment are collected by economic sector, occupation rate and gender.

The occupation rate is defined as follows:

Full-time fishers receive at least 90% of their livelihood from fishing or spend at least 90% of their working time in that occupation.

Part-time fishers receive at least 30% but less than 90% of their livelihood from fishing or spend at least 30% but less than 90% of their working time in that occupation.

Occasional fishers receive under 30% of their livelihood from fishing, or spend under 30% of their working time in that occupation.

Marine Coastal Fishing refers to fishing in territorial waters, Marine Deep-Sea Fishing refers to fishing in high seas.

Dissemination format(s)

Employment data are disseminated on-line in the 'Fisheries and Aquaculture statistics' domain of OECD.Stat and in the biennial paper publication 'OECD Review of Fisheries, Policies and Summary Statistics'

Recommended uses and limitations

The CWP noted a number of problems in identifying and enumerating separately 'fishers' as primary producers among the economically active population. These problems arise largely from the seasonal availability of the various fishery resources compounded by the seasonal availability of more lucrative occupations. In many countries the number of people whose only source of income is from a year-round activity in fishing is small compared with the number of people entering the industry at peaks of activity in that industry, or slack periods in a more lucrative industry. For example, fishing is often of major importance in 'under-developed' regions where the other major industry may be tourism. (See FAO Fisheries Circular 929, Revision2). The fishing 'season' may be adapted so that it does not coincide with the peak tourist period from which earnings might well be higher.

Another problem is associated with subsistence fishing which is undertaken on a full-time, part-time, or occasional basis in many developed or developing communities as part of the occupation of the economically-active populations. However, people who are too young, too old to be normally included in the economically active population may be involved in subsistence fishing. These issues are further complicated where subsistence fishing merges with recreational fishing. For example, sports fishers and people owning and operating pleasure craft might try to offset their capital expenditure and running costs through the sale of fish caught during trips of such recreational craft.

Definition of fishershttp://www.fao.org/cwp-on-fishery-statistics/handbook/socio-economic-data/fishers/en/