STRI Heterogeneity Indices
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Trade in services drives the exchange of ideas, know-how and technology. It helps firms cut costs, increase productivity, participate in global value chains and boost competitiveness. Consumers benefit from lower prices and greater choice. However, international trade in services is often impeded by trade and investment barriers and domestic regulations. Moreover, differences in regulation can constitute additional trade costs in their own right as services suppliers must comply with multiple sets of regulations.
The STRI heterogeneity indices are bilateral measures of regulatory heterogeneity. They are calculated on the basis of detailed information from the Services Trade Restrictiveness database and take values between zero and one. The score represents the weighted share of the total number of measures to which the country pair has different answers. The indices are available by country pair, sector and year.

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February 1, 2017

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Yearly

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National legislation from public websites

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2014-2016

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STRI indices take the value from 0 to 1. Complete openness to trade and investment gives a score of zero, while being completely closed to foreign services providers yields a score of one.

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ANSWER STRI_H: Zero = no bilateral heterogeneity; One = complete bilateral heterogeneity ; Score STRI_H: Zero = no bilateral differences in regulatory restrictiveness. One = complete bilateral differences in regulatory restrictiveness. These are based on a weighted average of the number of measures where different answers were provided by country pair.

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44 countries: OECD, Colombia, Costa Rica, Latvia, Lithuania, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia, South Africa

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ANSWER STRI_H: Zero = no bilateral heterogeneity; One = complete bilateral heterogeneity ; Score STRI_H: Zero = no bilateral differences in regulatory restrictiveness. One = complete bilateral differences in regulatory restrictiveness. These are based on a weighted average of the number of measures where different answers were provided by country pair.

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Computer and Related Services, Construction, Architecture and Engineering Services, Legal and Accounting Services, Telecommunication Services, Distribution Services, Audio-visual Services, Financial Services, Transport and Courier Services, Logistics Services

STRI Heterogeneity IndicesAbstract

Trade in services drives the exchange of ideas, know-how and technology. It helps firms cut costs, increase productivity, participate in global value chains and boost competitiveness. Consumers benefit from lower prices and greater choice. However, international trade in services is often impeded by trade and investment barriers and domestic regulations. Moreover, differences in regulation can constitute additional trade costs in their own right as services suppliers must comply with multiple sets of regulations.
The STRI heterogeneity indices are bilateral measures of regulatory heterogeneity. They are calculated on the basis of detailed information from the Services Trade Restrictiveness database and take values between zero and one. The score represents the weighted share of the total number of measures to which the country pair has different answers. The indices are available by country pair, sector and year.

Contact person/organisation

STRI contact

Data source(s) used

National legislation from public websites

Name of collection/source

STRI_Regulatory_Databasehttp://qdd.oecd.org/subject.aspx?Subject=STRISource Periodicity

Yearly

Date last input received

February 1, 2017

Unit of measure used

STRI indices take the value from 0 to 1. Complete openness to trade and investment gives a score of zero, while being completely closed to foreign services providers yields a score of one.

Variables collected

ANSWER STRI_H: Zero = no bilateral heterogeneity; One = complete bilateral heterogeneity ; Score STRI_H: Zero = no bilateral differences in regulatory restrictiveness. One = complete bilateral differences in regulatory restrictiveness. These are based on a weighted average of the number of measures where different answers were provided by country pair.

Reference period

2014-2016

Other data characteristics

STRI_Homehttp://www.oecd.org/tad/services-trade/services-trade-restrictiveness-index.htmGeographic coverage

44 countries: OECD, Colombia, Costa Rica, Latvia, Lithuania, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia, South Africa

Sector coverage

Computer and Related Services, Construction, Architecture and Engineering Services, Legal and Accounting Services, Telecommunication Services, Distribution Services, Audio-visual Services, Financial Services, Transport and Courier Services, Logistics Services

Item coverage

ANSWER STRI_H: Zero = no bilateral heterogeneity; One = complete bilateral heterogeneity ; Score STRI_H: Zero = no bilateral differences in regulatory restrictiveness. One = complete bilateral differences in regulatory restrictiveness. These are based on a weighted average of the number of measures where different answers were provided by country pair.