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BALANCE OF PAYMENTS, RESERVE ASSETS

Statistics Directorate    
French Equivalent: Balance de paiements, avoirs de réserve

Definition:
Reserve assets consist of those external assets that are readily available to and controlled by monetary authorities for direct financing of payments imbalances, for indirectly regulating the magnitude of such imbalances through intervention in exchange markets to affect the currency exchange rate and/or for other purposes.

The category of reserve assets in the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual, Fifth Edition (BPM5) comprises:

- monetary gold;
- special drawing rights (SDRs);
- reserve position in the Fund;
- foreign exchange assets (consisting of currency and deposits and securities); and
- other claims.

Source Publication:
BPM para. 424.

Cross References:
Balance of payments – Eurostat
Balance of payments, financial account

Hyperlink:
http://www.imf.org/external/np/sta/bop/BOPman.pdf

Statistical Theme: Financial statistics - Balance of payments

Created on Tuesday, September 25, 2001

Last updated on Tuesday, March 26, 2013