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CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT (CD)

Statistics Directorate    
French Equivalent: Certificat de dépôt

Definition:
A certificate issued by a bank acknowledging a deposit in that bank for a specified period of time at a specified rate of interest; CDs are essentially a form of negotiable time deposit (evidenced by the certificate).

Context:
CDs are widely issued in the domestic and international markets, and are typically bearer instruments, issued at face value with original maturities of one to six months, although there have been maturities of up to seven years.

Typically, interest costs are payable at maturity for issues of one year or less, and semi-annually on longer issues. The rate of interest on a given CD depends on several factors: current market conditions, the denomination of the certificate, and the market standing of the bank offering it.

Typically, CDs are highly liquid instruments, which allows banks access to a cheaper source of funds than borrowing on the interbank market.

Source Publication:
IMF, 2003, External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users – Appendix 1. Special financial instruments and transactions: classifications, IMF, Washington DC.

Hyperlink:
http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/eds/Eng/Guide/index.htm

Statistical Theme: Financial statistics

Created on Tuesday, September 25, 2001

Last updated on Wednesday, April 07, 2004