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COMMON FISHERIES POLICY (CFP)

Statistics Directorate    
French Equivalent: Politique common de la pêche (PCP)

Definition:
Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is the European Union’s basic framework for managing the fisheries in the waters of Member states. The CFP was drawn up in 1970 in order to institutionalise co- operation between the EU member states over fisheries management; formal principles were established in 1983 based on Articles 38 and 39 of the Treaty of Rome, and were later reinforced in Article 3 of the (Maastricht) Treaty on European Union.

In 2013 a reform of the current Fisheries Policy is aimed to bring back fish stocks to a sustainable level.

Context:
The CFP basic legislation [Regulation (EEC) 101/76] was adopted in 1976, and has constantly been adapted to meet changing needs, now covering fish landing, marketing, storage and transport. Generally, the principle of free access to fishing grounds applies (based on total allowable catches (TACs)), except within predetermined protected areas where the right to fish is restricted or completely withdrawn, and within member states’ coastal fisheries.

Source Publication:
Review of Fisheries in OECD Countries: Glossary, February 1998
European Commission, Fisheries, website, [latest update 2012].

Hyperlink:
http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/cfp/index_en.htm

Statistical Theme: Agriculture and fisheries statistics - Agricultural policy indicators

Created on Tuesday, September 25, 2001

Last updated on Wednesday, April 10, 2013