OECD Business Cycle Analysis Database
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This interface provides access to time series data for OECD Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), standardised consumer and business confidence indicators, business tendency survey indicators by sector and consumer opinion survey indicators as published in each monthly edition of the OECD Main Economic Indicators. Accessing this source data will enable users to analyse in depth the development of business cycles within and across countries. Data for all OECD Member countries (except Iceland), the Euro area, China, India, Indonesia, Brazil, South Africa and the Russian Federation are available.



OECD Composite Leading Indicators

Business Tendency and Consumer Opinion Surveys








OECD Composite Leading Indicators

Business Tendency and Consumer Opinion Surveys

 Variables included in the databases

Data is available for the variables listed below. Some variables listed may not be available for all countries.  

OECD Composite Leading Indicators Database:

  • Composite Leading Indicators: amplitude adjusted, trend restored, year-on-year growth rate1
  • CLI Reference series (Industrial production): original, trend, normalized series
  • OECD Standardised Confidence Indicators: Consumer Confidence, Business Confidence (Manufacturing sector)

Business Tendency Survey Indicators Database:

  • Manufacturing industry: Production, Finished goods stocks, Raw materials stocks, Order books, Order inflow, Total demand, Export orders, Selling prices, Employment, Capacity utilization, Business situation, Confidence indicator
  • Construction industry: Order books, Order inflow, Selling prices, Employment, Business situation, Confidence indicator
  • Retail trade: Order intentions / demand, Volume of stocks, Employment, Business situation, Confidence indicator
  • Service industries: Demand evolution, Employment, Business situation, Confidence indicator

Consumer Opinion Survey Indicators Database:

  • Confidence indicator, Expected inflation, Expected economic situation



1 Please note that until December 2008 an annualized 6-month rate of change has been calculated. For more information about the methodology click here