Educational expenditure by Source and destination
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These data describe how much financial resources are devoted to education, by source of funds, type of transaction and education level and programme.
The entities providing funds for education, either initially or as final payers, are classified in the three main categories of: governmental (public) sources, non-governmental (private) sources and "international agencies and other foreign sources". 
There are three types of financial transactions: Direct expenditure on educational institutions; Transfers to students or households and to other private entities; and Households' expenditure on education outside educational institutions.
Values are expressed in both local currencies and USD-equivalent - converted using PPP conversion factors - and in both current and constant prices. Figures in constant prices and constant PPP are recommended for time series analyses.

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2015

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Click to expand Date last updated
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16-09-2021

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More information on the definitions, methodology, sources of data and notes specific for each country are available in:

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Yearly/Financial year

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Millions
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1995-2018 financial year (1995-2019 for Costa Rica)

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CURRENCIES
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National

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Both public and private institutions. The classification between public and private institution is made according to whether a public agency or a private entity has the ultimate control over the institution. For private institutions, the distinction between government-dependent and independent refers only to the degree of a private institution's dependence on funding from government sources: a government-dependent private institution receives 50% or more of its core funding from government agencies or one whose teaching personnel are paid by government agency. An independent private institution is one that receives less than 50% of its core funding from government agencies and whose teaching personnel are not paid by a government agency.

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Government expenditure refers to spending of public authorities at all levels and include three subcategories: central (national) government, regional government (province, state, Land, etc.) and local government (municipality, district, commune,etc.). Expenditure that is not directly related to education (e.g. culture, sports, youth activities, etc.) is not included unless provided as ancillary services. Private expenditure include two subcategories: households (that is to say students and their families) and private entities other than households. In this last category are incuded expenditure of firms for specified educational activities. Funds from international agencies and other foreign sources include funds from international sources paid to governments or directly to educational institutions.

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Key statistical concepts, definitions and methodologies underlying the indicators are available in:

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Data were originally provided in local currencies. Values in USD-equivalent have been obtained using PPP conversion factors. Values are also expressed in both current prices and constant prices, using 2015 as reference year. Values of PPP conversion factors and deflators are included in the dataset "Reference Statistics for Finance indicators". Figures in constant prices and constant PPP are recommended for time series analyses.

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Educational expenditure by Source and destinationAbstract

These data describe how much financial resources are devoted to education, by source of funds, type of transaction and education level and programme.
The entities providing funds for education, either initially or as final payers, are classified in the three main categories of: governmental (public) sources, non-governmental (private) sources and "international agencies and other foreign sources". 
There are three types of financial transactions: Direct expenditure on educational institutions; Transfers to students or households and to other private entities; and Households' expenditure on education outside educational institutions.
Values are expressed in both local currencies and USD-equivalent - converted using PPP conversion factors - and in both current and constant prices. Figures in constant prices and constant PPP are recommended for time series analyses.

Data source(s) used

The data of expenditure on education and students adjusted to the financial year are collected through the UOE data collection. The UOE data collection is a joint collection of education data by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics (UIS), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and Eurostat.

Education at a Glancehttp://www.oecd.org/education/education-at-a-glance/
Source Periodicity

Yearly

Unit of measure usedCURRENCIESPower codeMillionsPeriodicity

Yearly/Financial year

Reference period

1995-2018 financial year (1995-2019 for Costa Rica)

Base period

2015

Date last updated

16-09-2021

Contact person

GiovanniMaria.Semeraro@oecd.org, or click:

Giovanni Semeraromailto:GiovanniMaria.Semeraro@oecd.org
Other data characteristics

More information on the definitions, methodology, sources of data and notes specific for each country are available in:

Education at a Glance 2021 - Annex 3https://www.oecd.org/education/education-at-a-glance/EAG2021_Annex3_ChapterC.pdf
Geographic coverage

National

Institutional coverage

Both public and private institutions. The classification between public and private institution is made according to whether a public agency or a private entity has the ultimate control over the institution. For private institutions, the distinction between government-dependent and independent refers only to the degree of a private institution's dependence on funding from government sources: a government-dependent private institution receives 50% or more of its core funding from government agencies or one whose teaching personnel are paid by government agency. An independent private institution is one that receives less than 50% of its core funding from government agencies and whose teaching personnel are not paid by a government agency.

Item coverage

Government expenditure refers to spending of public authorities at all levels and include three subcategories: central (national) government, regional government (province, state, Land, etc.) and local government (municipality, district, commune,etc.). Expenditure that is not directly related to education (e.g. culture, sports, youth activities, etc.) is not included unless provided as ancillary services. Private expenditure include two subcategories: households (that is to say students and their families) and private entities other than households. In this last category are incuded expenditure of firms for specified educational activities. Funds from international agencies and other foreign sources include funds from international sources paid to governments or directly to educational institutions.

Key statistical concept

Key statistical concepts, definitions and methodologies underlying the indicators are available in:

OECD Handbook for Internationally Comparative Education Statisticshttps://doi.org/10.1787/9789264304444-en
Classification(s) used

Detailed presentation and explanation of ISCED 2011 classification is available in:

OECD Handbook for Internationally Comparative Education Statisticshttps://doi.org/10.1787/9789264304444-en
Transformations

Data were originally provided in local currencies. Values in USD-equivalent have been obtained using PPP conversion factors. Values are also expressed in both current prices and constant prices, using 2015 as reference year. Values of PPP conversion factors and deflators are included in the dataset "Reference Statistics for Finance indicators". Figures in constant prices and constant PPP are recommended for time series analyses.

Recommended uses and limitations

... are included in:

OECD Handbook for Internationally Comparative Education Statisticshttps://doi.org/10.1787/9789264304444-en
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