Net childcare costs for parents using childcare facilities
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Click to expand Abstract
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This indicator measures the net costs paid by parents for full-time centre-based childcare, after any benefits designed to reduce the gross childcare fees. Childcare benefits can be received in the form of childcare allowances, tax concessions, fee rebates and increases in other benefit entitlements.

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Click to expand Date last updated
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The 1st annual release of the OECD tax-benefit indicators is in February. It includes new indicators for year T-1 for the majority of OECD and EU countries, plus updates for previous years. The 2nd release is in May and includes updates for all available years plus new indicators for year T-1 for the countries that could not be included in the first release.The 3rd and final annual release is in November. It includes updates for all previous years and new indicators for year T-1 for the countries that could not be included in the second release.

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1. Calculations are for families with two children aged 2 and 3. Parents are aged 40.
2. Family benefits, childcare benefits as well as childcare costs are included in the calculations. Childcare benefits are benefits that are explicitely designed to reduce the financial costs of childcare. They can be received in the form of childcare allowances, tax concessions related to childcare expenditures, fee rebates as well as increases in other types of benefit entitlements. Childcare costs measure the 'gross' childcare fees paid by parents for full-time centre-based childcare. The NET childcare cost is the difference between the gross childcare fee and childcare benefits (any types).
3. Where benefit entitlements change over time, calculations refer to the second month of benefit receipt.
4. Calculations assume full-time work for all parents.
5. If housing benefits are included in the calculations, these are calculated assuming a household renting in the private market paying rent equal to 20% of the average wage. Rent levels are the same for all family types.
6. Where benefit rules are not determined on a national level but vary by region or municipality, results refer to a “typical” case (e.g. Michigan in the United States, the capital in some other countries). A full description of the policies included in the calculations for each country is available
here.
6. For a detailed description of the assumptions underlying the OECD Tax-Benefit model and the related policy indicators, please see the methodology document.
7. For more information, visit the project webpage or contact the OECD tax-benefit team.

Click to expand Reference period
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Indicators calculated before 2018 are based on the policy rules and parameters that were in place on the 1st of July of the selected year. Indicators calculated from 2018 onwards are based on the policy rules and parameters that were in place on the 1st of January of the selected year (7th of April for the United Kingdom and 1st of April for New Zeland).

Net childcare costs for parents using childcare facilitiesAbstract

This indicator measures the net costs paid by parents for full-time centre-based childcare, after any benefits designed to reduce the gross childcare fees. Childcare benefits can be received in the form of childcare allowances, tax concessions, fee rebates and increases in other benefit entitlements.

Reference period

Indicators calculated before 2018 are based on the policy rules and parameters that were in place on the 1st of July of the selected year. Indicators calculated from 2018 onwards are based on the policy rules and parameters that were in place on the 1st of January of the selected year (7th of April for the United Kingdom and 1st of April for New Zeland).

Date last updated

The 1st annual release of the OECD tax-benefit indicators is in February. It includes new indicators for year T-1 for the majority of OECD and EU countries, plus updates for previous years. The 2nd release is in May and includes updates for all available years plus new indicators for year T-1 for the countries that could not be included in the first release.The 3rd and final annual release is in November. It includes updates for all previous years and new indicators for year T-1 for the countries that could not be included in the second release.

Other data characteristics

1. Calculations are for families with two children aged 2 and 3. Parents are aged 40.
2. Family benefits, childcare benefits as well as childcare costs are included in the calculations. Childcare benefits are benefits that are explicitely designed to reduce the financial costs of childcare. They can be received in the form of childcare allowances, tax concessions related to childcare expenditures, fee rebates as well as increases in other types of benefit entitlements. Childcare costs measure the 'gross' childcare fees paid by parents for full-time centre-based childcare. The NET childcare cost is the difference between the gross childcare fee and childcare benefits (any types).
3. Where benefit entitlements change over time, calculations refer to the second month of benefit receipt.
4. Calculations assume full-time work for all parents.
5. If housing benefits are included in the calculations, these are calculated assuming a household renting in the private market paying rent equal to 20% of the average wage. Rent levels are the same for all family types.
6. Where benefit rules are not determined on a national level but vary by region or municipality, results refer to a “typical” case (e.g. Michigan in the United States, the capital in some other countries). A full description of the policies included in the calculations for each country is available here.
6. For a detailed description of the assumptions underlying the OECD Tax-Benefit model and the related policy indicators, please see the methodology document.
7. For more information, visit the project webpage or contact the OECD tax-benefit team.