Trade in Value Added (TiVA) 2021 ed: Principal Indicators
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The Trade in Value Added (TiVA) database is a collection of measures that can provide insights into global production networks and supply chains beyond what is possible with conventional trade statistics.

The TiVA database presented here contains a selection of principal indicators that track the origins of value added in exports, imports and final demand for the years 1995-2018.

The 2021 edition covers 66 economies (including all OECD, EU and G20 countries and most East and Southeast Asian economies) as well as region aggregates. Indicators are available for 45 industries within a hierarchy based on ISIC Rev. 4.

For certain indicators, preliminary estimates for the year 2016 are provided.

The indicators are derived from the 2018 version of OECD's Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) Database (see web page http://oe.cd/icio).

To construct ICIO tables, national Supply and Use tables (SUTs) and Input-Output tables (IOTs) are transformed (or harmonised) to standard formats and classifications, combined with bilateral trade in goods and services statistics from international sources, and then balanced under constraints based on official (SNA08) National Accounts by economic activity and National Accounts main aggregates time series. Prior to balancing, many data gaps need to be filled using a variety of estimation techniques. For more details, see http://oe.cd/icio where the underlying OECD ICIO tables are freely available for download.

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November 2021

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Additional information can be downloaded from the OECD•Stat menu.

Go to "Export" and select "Related Files".

Click to expand Unit of measure used
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• USD millions at current prices, in case of values
• Percent, in case of shares.

Trade in Value Added (TiVA) 2021 ed: Principal IndicatorsAbstract

The Trade in Value Added (TiVA) database is a collection of measures that can provide insights into global production networks and supply chains beyond what is possible with conventional trade statistics.

The TiVA database presented here contains a selection of principal indicators that track the origins of value added in exports, imports and final demand for the years 1995-2018.

The 2021 edition covers 66 economies (including all OECD, EU and G20 countries and most East and Southeast Asian economies) as well as region aggregates. Indicators are available for 45 industries within a hierarchy based on ISIC Rev. 4.

For certain indicators, preliminary estimates for the year 2016 are provided.

The indicators are derived from the 2018 version of OECD's Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) Database (see web page http://oe.cd/icio).

To construct ICIO tables, national Supply and Use tables (SUTs) and Input-Output tables (IOTs) are transformed (or harmonised) to standard formats and classifications, combined with bilateral trade in goods and services statistics from international sources, and then balanced under constraints based on official (SNA08) National Accounts by economic activity and National Accounts main aggregates time series. Prior to balancing, many data gaps need to be filled using a variety of estimation techniques. For more details, see http://oe.cd/icio where the underlying OECD ICIO tables are freely available for download.

TiVA Indicators guide (2021 ed.)http://stats.oecd.org/wbos/fileview2.aspx?IDFile=eefca001-71ab-497e-9abd-5e0c58c27ed4Geographical coveragehttp://stats.oecd.org/wbos/fileview2.aspx?IDFile=ff21d24e-e9ec-473d-9fcf-a33a9651bf52Industry coveragehttp://stats.oecd.org/wbos/fileview2.aspx?IDFile=ffa98d43-add6-4d6b-ab5d-efdcb84f1bf8TiVA Core indicators (2018 ed.)https://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=TIVA_2018_C1
Unit of measure used

• USD millions at current prices, in case of values
• Percent, in case of shares.

Date last updated

November 2021

Contact person

Users are encouraged to send their comments and questions or to signal any apparent errors regarding the TiVA database to icio-tiva.contact@oecd.org.

Other data characteristics

Additional information can be downloaded from the OECD•Stat menu.

Go to "Export" and select "Related Files".