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French Equivalent: Fiévre aphteuse

Foot and mouth disease is a highly contagious disease, which chiefly affects cloven-hoofed animal species (cattle, sheep, goats and pigs).

Its symptoms are the appearance of vesicles (aphthae) on the animals’ mouths (with a consequent reduction in appetite) and feet. It is caused by a virus which may be found in the animals’ blood, saliva and milk. The virus is transmitted in a number of ways, via humans, insects, most meat products, urine and faeces, feed, water or soil.

Although the mortality rate in adult animals from this disease is generally low and the disease presents no risk for humans, because it is highly contagious infected animals in a given country are generally culled and other countries place an embargo on imports of live animals and fresh, chilled or frozen meat from the country of infection. In that case, only smoked, salted or dried meat and meat preserves may be imported from the country concerned.

In addition, given the possibility of contagion between different species of cloven-hoofed animals, when foot and mouth disease breaks out in one species in a given country, exports of meat from all four types of animal are suspended.

Source Publication:
OECD Agricultural Outlook: 2001-2006, OECD, 2001, Annex II – Glossary of Terms.

Statistical Theme: Agriculture and fisheries statistics - Agricultural policy indicators

Created on Tuesday, September 25, 2001

Last updated on Wednesday, March 5, 2003