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Bibliometrics is a statistical analysis of books, articles, or other publications.

Originally, work was limited to collecting data on numbers of scientific articles and publications, classified by authors and/or by institutions, fields of science, country, etc., in order to construct simple “productivity” indicators for academic research. Subsequently, more sophisticated and multidimensional techniques based on citations in articles (and more recently also in patents) were developed. The resulting citation indexes and co-citation analyses are used both to obtain-more sensitive measures of research quality and to trace the development of fields of science and of networks.

Bibliometric analysis use data on numbers and authors of scientific publications and on articles and the citations therein (and in patents) to measure the “output” of individuals/research teams, institutions, and countries, to identify national and international networks, and to map the development of new (multi-disciplinary) fields of science and technology.

Source Publication:
OECD Frascati Manual, Sixth edition, 2002, Annex 7, paras. 20-22, page 203
Oxford Dictionaries, 2013, website.


Statistical Theme: Science and technology statistics - Research and development

Created on Tuesday, September 25, 2001

Last updated on Thursday, March 28, 2013