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Reverse investment refers to the acquisition by a direct investment enterprise of a financial claim on its direct investor.

Because direct investment is recorded on a directional basis, capital invested by the direct investment enterprise in its direct investor (reverse investment) is regarded as an offset to capital invested in the direct investment enterprises by a direct investor and its related enterprises, except in instances when the equity participations are at least 10 percent in both directions.

Such reverse investment transactions are recorded based on the direction of the direct investment relationship.

When the claims are not sufficient to establish a second, separate direct investment relationship, the reverse investment transactions should be recorded according to the directional principle of the direct investment relationship as follows:

- As direct investment in the reporting economy, claims on direct investors in the data for the economy in which the direct investment enterprises is resident.

- As direct investment abroad, liabilities to affiliated enterprises in the data for the economy in which the direct investor is resident.

When the equity participation’s are at least 10% in both directions, two direct investment relationships are established. In these circumstances, equity and other capital transactions between enterprises are recorded as direct investment claims and liabilities in both directions, as follows:

- As direct investment abroad for transactions on assets.

- As direct investment in the reporting economy for transactions on liabilities.

Source Publication:
Glossary of Foreign Direct Investment Terms, OECD, 2001 – not published

Statistical Theme: Financial statistics

Created on Tuesday, September 25, 2001

Last updated on Wednesday, March 12, 2003