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STRATIFICATION

Statistics Directorate    
French Equivalent: Stratification

Definition:
Stratification consists of dividing the population into subsets (called strata) within each of which an independent sample is selected.

Context:
The division of a population into parts is known as strata, especially for the purpose of drawing a sample, an assigned proportion of the sample then being selected from each stratum.

The process of stratification may be undertaken on a geographical basis, e.g. by dividing up the sampled area into sub-areas on a map; or by reference to some other quality of the population, e.g. by dividing the persons in a town into strata according to gender or into three strata according to whether they belong to upper, middle or lower income groups.

The term stratum is sometimes used to denote any division of the population for which a separate estimate is desired, i.e. in the sense of a domain of study. It is also used sometimes to denote any division of the population for which neither separate estimates nor actual separate sample selection is made. (The International Statistical Institute, "The Oxford Dictionary of Statistical Terms", edited by Yadolah Dodge, Oxford University Press, 2003).

Source Publication:
Statistics Canada, "Statistics Canada Quality Guidelines".

Cross References:
Domain of study, statistical - UN
Sample
Statistical population

Hyperlink:
http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/bsolc/olc-cel/olc-cel?catno=12-539-X&CHROPG=1&lang=eng

Statistical Theme: Methodological information (metadata)

Glossary Output Segments:
SDMX

Created on Tuesday, September 25, 2001

Last updated on Tuesday, June 11, 2013