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French Equivalent: Recensement

A census is a survey conducted on the full set of observation objects belonging to a given population or universe.

A census is the complete enumeration of a population or groups at a point in time with respect to well defined characteristics: for example, population, production, traffic on particular roads. In some connection the term is associated with the data collected rather than the extent of the collection so that the term sample census has a distinct meaning.

The partial enumeration resulting from a failure to cover the whole population, as distinct from a designed sample enquiry, may be referred to as an "incomplete census". (The International Statistical Institute, “The Oxford Dictionary of Statistical Terms”, edited by Yadolah Dodge, Oxford University Press, 2003).

Source Publication:
Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UNECE), "Terminology on Statistical Metadata", Conference of European Statisticians Statistical Standards and Studies, No. 53, Geneva 2000.


Statistical Theme: Methodological information (metadata)

Glossary Output Segments:

Created on Tuesday, September 25, 2001

Last updated on Thursday, August 11, 2005