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This indicator represents the total mass of materials which have been used in the national economy, before flowing into the environment. These flows occur at the processing, manufacturing, use, and final disposal stages of the economic production-consumption chain.

Exported materials are excluded because their wastes occur in other countries. Included in DPO are emissions to air from commercial energy combustion and other industrial processes, industrial and household wastes deposited in landfills, material loads in waste water, materials dispersed into the environment as a result of product use (dissipative flows), and emissions from incineration plants. Material flows recycled in industry are not included in DPO (in economy – wide material flow accounting).

Source Publication:
United Nations, European Commission, International Monetary Fund, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Bank , 2005, Handbook of National Accounting: Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting 2003, Studies in Methods, Series F, No.61, Rev.1, Glossary, United Nations, New York, para. 3.202.

Statistical Theme: Environmental statistics

Created on Tuesday, July 5, 2005

Last updated on Wednesday, November 30, 2005