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French Equivalent: Fonctions de l’environnement

Environmental services refer to qualitative functions of natural non—produced assets of land, water and air (including related ecosystem) and their biota.

There are three basic types of environmental services:

(a) disposal services which reflect the functions of the natural environment as an absorptive sink for residuals,

(b) productive services which reflect the economic functions of providing natural resource inputs and space for production and consumption, and

(c) consumer or consumption services which provide for physiological as well as recreational and related needs of human beings.

These services include the provision of raw materials and energy used to produce goods and services, the absorption of waste from human activities, and the basic roles in life support and the provision of other amenities such as landscape.

United Nations, European Commission, International Monetary Fund, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Bank , 2005, Handbook of National Accounting: Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting 2003, Studies in Methods, Series F, No.61, Rev.1, Glossary, United Nations, New York, para. 1.1.

Source Publication:
Glossary of Environment Statistics, Studies in Methods, Series F, No. 67, United Nations, New York, 1997.

Statistical Theme: Environmental statistics

Created on Tuesday, September 25, 2001

Last updated on Tuesday, July 5, 2005