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Sector
Type of R&D
Measure
Year2012201320142015201620172018201920202021
CountryUnit
AustraliaAustralian Dollar, Millions..
(E33 471.5
..
(E31 179
..
(E33 062
..
(E35 602
....
AustriaEuro, Millions
(E9 287.84
9 571.282
(E10 275.18
10 499.146
(E11 145.02
11 289.781
(E11 912
12 441.232....
BelgiumEuro, Millions8 809.1889 156.9539 551.24410 118.210 852.67411 867.98113 158.25915 109.89815 620.20817 235.425
CanadaCanadian Dollar, Millions....
(B34 196
33 70335 02236 11338 83840 62041 870..
ChileChilean Peso, Millions470 675.384535 924.384
(B557 298.984
607 462.845
(B626 174.38
639 775.75
(E699 324.564
......
CzechiaCzech Koruna, Millions72 360.30777 853.38685 104.46788 663.3980 109.15790 386.025102 753.73111 622.047113 382.506121 930.366
DenmarkDanish Krone, Millions56 494.757 320.757 73362 21065 19164 28166 83466 94568 991..
EstoniaEuro, Millions380.695326.045286.736302.82270.34304.32365.64452.97480.89550.962
FinlandEuro, Millions6 831.8886 684.16 512.16 070.95 926.16 173.26 437.76 715.16 932.77 491.1
FranceEuro, Millions46 519.0447 362.05
(B48 926.86
49 839.1349 650.92350 513.59851 913.853 427.8152 722.27255 498.859
GermanyInformation on itemEuro, Millions79 110.37879 729.50884 246.76688 781.81992 173.55699 553.616104 669.045110 025.41
(E106 582.971
113 183.578
GreeceEuro, Millions1 337.61 465.671 488.741 703.821 754.182 038.43..2 337.662 494.22 645.942
HungaryForint, Millions363 683.4420 100.3441 092.1468 389.7427 191.8517 258
(B654 163.1
702 199.3771 489.6907 453.323
IcelandIceland Krona, Millions..
(B33 342.3
40 395.26650 408.652 999.455 061.556 900.270 809.872 69791 033.01
IrelandEuro, Millions
(E2 733.892
(E2 813.14
(E2 967.2
(E3 108.7
(E3 175.1
(E3 675.3
(E3 812.435
(E4 370.61
(E4 595.286
(B4 820.975
IsraelInformation on itemNew Israeli Sheqel, Millions
(D41 267.9
(D43 281
(D46 230
(D49 704
(D55 317.983
(D59 629.506
(D64 598.73
(D74 824.508
(D81 169.186
(DE87 687.665
ItalyEuro, Millions20 502.520 983.1
(E21 781.28
22 157
(B23 171.612
23 793.6525 232.24326 259.66125 028.25725 991.328
JapanYen, Millions15 883 592
(B16 680 069
17 472 90717 436 05216 911 53817 512 261
(B17 919 014
17 954 89417 622 44818 106 499
KoreaWon, Millions55 450 115.64959 300 949.3363 734 126.79365 959 371.72769 405 529.88678 789 187.37585 728 714.73889 047 077.11893 071 686.49102 135 243.544
LatviaEuro, Millions145.374139.5162.8152.2110.4137.9186.2195.2221.12248.858
LithuaniaEuro, Millions298.367332.426376.827389.67327.612378.906426.306485.998564.868623.723
LuxembourgEuro, Millions
(B561.403
605.731630.3678712.1720.7704.5737.8..753.422
MexicoMexican Peso, Millions66 586.50169 182.63276 109.34179 753.68178 055.652
(E72 013.536
........
NetherlandsEuro, Millions
(B12 512.616
(B14 240
14 59514 80815 23516 08116 55417 76018 49419 751.581
New ZealandNew Zealand Dollar, Millions..2 685..3 136..3 922..
(v4 549
..
(v5 256
NorwayNorwegian Krone, Millions48 043.550 748.253 866.960 209.263 344.869 176.272 777.176 830.477 690.381 620.173
PolandZloty, Millions14 352.914 423.816 168.218 060.717 94320 578.525 647.79230 284.82232 402.08937 675.849
PortugalEuro, Millions2 320.1332 258.4712 232.2492 234.372 388.4672 585.12 769.0722 991.8643 236.2123 609.191
Slovak RepublicEuro, Millions585.225610.876669.632927.272640.835748.955750.947776.59838.927918.346
SloveniaEuro, Millions928.306935.006890.232853.067811.953802.291892.724990.6981 007.4931 112.49
SpainEuro, Millions..13 011.79812 820.75613 17213 26014 063.44414 94615 57215 76817 249.25
SwedenSwedish Krona, Millions..
(E124 635
..137 146..155 532..171 060..
(v186 661.302
SwitzerlandSwiss Franc, Millions18 502.014....20 563.379..21 063.701..22 917.168....
TürkiyeTurkish Lira, Millions13 062.26314 807.32217 598.11720 615.24824 641.25229 855.47838 533.6745 953.69154 956.82781 922.009
United KingdomPound Sterling, Millions
(E27 006
28 875.1
(BEP42 183.7
(EP43 611.89
(EP46 216.45
(EP48 438.87
(BEP58 354.16
(P59 663.64
(P61 841.44
(P66 172.18
United StatesUS Dollar, Millions
(D434 442
(D455 128
(D477 003
(BD507 401
(BD533 465
(D565 685
(D618 066
(D677 881
(D730 329
(DP806 013
Non-OECD EconomiesArgentinaArgentine Peso, Millions
(P16 853.054
(P20 837.734
(P27 130.745
36 831.0943 625.04559 304.4572 891.107103 077.77147 276.35239 573.3
China (People's Republic of)Yuan Renminbi, Millions1 029 840.91 184 659.7951 301 562.9681 416 988.4611 567 674.8411 760 612.9491 967 792.9372 214 357.7392 439 311.2332 795 630.727
RomaniaRomanian Leu, Millions2 872.7282 464.7792 555.6623 476.933 675.1424 317.0874 769.2795 065.3324 964.5335 616.594
RussiaRussian Ruble, Millions699 869.8749 797.6847 527914 669.1943 815.21 019 152.41 028 247.61 134 786.71 174 534.3..
SingaporeSingapore Dollar, Millions7 074.257 393.518 307.229 207.589 136.469 002.139 198.769 690.4510 397.59..
South AfricaRand, Millions23 871.21925 660.57329 344.97732 336.67935 692.97338 724.5936 783.96834 484.86233 541.332..
Chinese TaipeiNew Taiwan Dollar, Millions433 997.008458 433.181484 541.111511 618.321541 756.976574 501.661615 985.932660 511.293718 791.377820 631.639
Legend:
BBreak
DDifference in methodology
EEstimated value
PProvisional value
vThe sum of the breakdown does not add to the total (see source and methods)
Data extracted on 23 May 2024 15:46 UTC (GMT) from OECD.Stat

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