Comparative performance of national science and innovation systems
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The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012 presents, in a series of country profiles, the main features, strengths and weaknesses of national STI systems and major recent changes in national STI policy. The statistical dimension of the country profiles has drawn on the work and empirical research conducted by the OECD on the measurement of innovation and the development of internationally comparable STI indicators for policy analysis.

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Normalised index of performance relative to the median values in the OECD area (Index median = 100).

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OECD countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Non-member economies: Argentina, Brazil, China, Colombia, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Russian Federation, South Africa.

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Comparative performance of national science and innovation systemsAbstract

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012 presents, in a series of country profiles, the main features, strengths and weaknesses of national STI systems and major recent changes in national STI policy. The statistical dimension of the country profiles has drawn on the work and empirical research conducted by the OECD on the measurement of innovation and the development of internationally comparable STI indicators for policy analysis.

Contact person/organisation

OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry
Country Studies and Outlook Division (CSO)
(email: sti.contact@oecd.org)

Data source(s) used

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012.

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012http://www.oecd.org/sti/outlook
Direct source

See OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012 Reader's guide and Methodological annex.

Reader's guidehttp://stats.oecd.org/wbos/fileview2.aspx?IDFile=ce69ff1a-ec1a-4284-861a-666d24065c33Methodological annexhttp://stats.oecd.org/wbos/fileview2.aspx?IDFile=8f3d4e39-8776-431a-872d-cae74678294a
Date last input received

Last update: June 2012.

Unit of measure used

Normalised index of performance relative to the median values in the OECD area (Index median = 100).

Geographic coverage

OECD countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Non-member economies: Argentina, Brazil, China, Colombia, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Russian Federation, South Africa.

Key statistical concept

The performance of a country’s national innovation systems as compared to all OECD countries is represented in Panel 1 of the country profiles of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012. A standard set of indicators is used to:
i) describe the competences and capacity of the science base and the business sector to innovate, as well as the framework conditions for entrepreneurship;
ii) provide some insights on interactions between STI actors via the deployment and use of the Internet and their participation in domestic and international co-operation networks; and
iii) depict the status of the human resources pool and prospects for increasing human capital further through inflows of new science and technology talent.
Indicators are normalised (by GDP or population) to take account of the size of the country.

Synthetic table of comparative performance of national science and innovation systemshttp://stats.oecd.org/wbos/fileview2.aspx?IDFile=f10a523e-c3bc-4ad9-a20a-274a6a119aa8