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LONG-TERM MIGRANTS

Statistics Directorate    
French Equivalent: Migrant de longue durée

Definition:
A long-term migrant is a person who moves to a country other than that of his or her usual residence for a period of at least a year (12 months), so that the country of destination effectively becomes his or her new country of usual residence. From the perspective of the country of departure, the person will be a long- term emigrant and from that of the country of arrival, the person will be a long-term immigrant.

Context:
The United Nations define long-term migrants as comprising:

- long-term emigrants are residents or persons who have resided continuously in the country for more than one year, who are departing to take up residence abroad for more than one year;
- long-term immigrants are non-residents or persons who have arrived for a length of stay of more than one year but have not yet continuously lived in the country for more than one year.

Whilst this definition has not been widely adopted and is difficult to apply, it continues to provide a useful benchmark and focus for further efforts towards harmonisation. (International Migration Statistics for OECD Countries: Sources and Comparability of Migration Statistics, OECD, page 7).

Source Publication:
Recommendations on Statistics of International Migration, Revision 1, Statistical Papers, Series M, No. 58, United Nations, New York, 1998, Glossary.

Statistical Theme: Demographic and population statistics - Migration statistics

Created on Tuesday, September 25, 2001

Last updated on Thursday, February 26, 2004