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CENTRAL PRODUCT CLASSIFICATION (CPC)

Statistics Directorate    
French Equivalent: Classification centrale des produits (CPC)

Definition:
The central product classification (CPC) is a classification based on the physical characteristics of goods or on the nature of the services rendered. Each type of good or service distinguished in the CPC is defined in such a way that it is normally produced by only one activity as defined in ISIC. The CPC covers products that are an output of economic activities, including transportable goods, non-transportable goods and services.

The classification structure comprises:
- Sections – one digit code;
- Divisions – two-digit code;
- Groups – three-digit code;
- Classes – four-digit code;
- Subclasses – five-digit code.

Context:
Conversely, each activity of the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities ISIC is defined in such a way that it normally produces only one type of product as defined in the CPC (where each type of product may have a number of individual products coded under it). So far as is practically possible, an attempt is made to establish a one-to-one correspondence between the two classifications, each category of the CPC being accompanied by a reference to the ISIC class in which the good or service is mainly produced. However, such a one-to-one correspondence is not always possible. In practice, therefore, the output of an industry, no matter how narrowly defined, will tend to include more than a single product.

The Classification of Products by Activity (CPA) is the equivalent classification at European Union level. (SNA 5.44).

Source Publication:
Central Product Classification (CPC). Version 1.0. United Nations, New York, 1998, Series M, No. 77, Ver. 1.0.

Cross References:
CPA

Hyperlink:
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/cr/registry/cpc-2.asp

Classification Indicator: Classification

Statistical Theme: Classifications

Created on Tuesday, September 25, 2001

Last updated on Monday, April 08, 2013