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EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE (EEZ)

Statistics Directorate    
French Equivalent: Zone économique exclusive (ZEE)

Definition:
An Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is a concept adopted at the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (1982), whereby a coastal State assumes jurisdiction over the exploration and exploitation of marine resources in its adjacent section of the continental shelf, taken to be a band extending 200 miles from the shore.

Context:
The Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) comprises an area which extends either from the coast, or in federal systems from the seaward boundaries of the constituent states (3 to 12 nautical miles, in most cases) to 200 nautical miles (370 kilometres) off the coast. Within this area, nations claim and exercise sovereign rights and exclusive fishery management authority over all fish and all Continental Shelf fishery resources. (Review of Fisheries in OECD Countries: Glossary, February 1998).

Source Publication:
Glossary of Environment Statistics, Studies in Methods, Series F, No. 67, United Nations, New York, 1997.

Statistical Theme: Methodological information (metadata)

Created on Tuesday, September 25, 2001

Last updated on Tuesday, March 04, 2003