Trade in employment (TiM) 2021 ed.
< < >-< OECD.Stat
Open all groups and itemsClose all groups and itemsSend link via emailPrintOpen in stand alone windowClose this window
Click to expand Database Specific
Click to collapse Database Specific
Click to expand Data Characteristics
Click to collapse Data Characteristics
Click to expand Contact person
Click to collapse Contact person
Click to expand Date last updated
Click to collapse Date last updated

May 2022

Click to expand Other data characteristics
Click to collapse Other data characteristics

Additional information can be downloaded from the OECD•Stat menu.

Go to "Export" and select "Related Files".

Click to expand Unit of measure used
Click to collapse Unit of measure used

• Persons thousands, in case of employment (except for Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Israel, Mexico and the United States, which use number of jobs)
• Percent, in case of shares.

Click to expand Other Aspects
Click to collapse Other Aspects
Click to expand Other comments
Click to collapse Other comments

OECD logo

Trade in employment (TiM) 2021 ed.Abstract

The Trade in employment (TiM) database is a collection of labour market indicators designed to provide additional insights into global production networks and supply chains and complement Trade in Value Added (TiVA) indicators (http://oe.cd/tiva).

Estimates of employment or compensation of employees embodied in foreign final demand (or in gross exports) can reveal the extent to which a country's workforce depends on its integration into the global economy.

The TiM database includes indicators based on employment and compensation of employees for more than 50 economies (including all European Union, OECD and G20 member countries, and most East and Southeast Asian economies), as well as region aggregates. The time period covered is 1995-2018.

Indicators are available for 45 individual industries based on ISIC Rev.4 and presented in a hierarchy.

TiM indicators are calculated using the 2021 edition of the OECD's Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) Tables (see http://oe.cd/icio) together with recent estimates of employment and of employees' compensation by industrial activity from official sources.

Documentationhttp://www.oecd.org/sti/ind/measuring-employment-in-global-value-chains.htmTiM geographical coveragehttp://stats.oecd.org/wbos/fileview2.aspx?IDFile=6d09e721-ae12-406d-b8a5-e447cbed59feTiM industry coveragehttp://stats.oecd.org/wbos/fileview2.aspx?IDFile=0323cdf9-7ae5-487d-804d-4ffe7704c456TiM web pagehttp://oe.cd/io-empTiVA web pagehttp://oe.cd/tivaICIO web pagehttp://oe.cd/icioAccess to 2019 edition of TiMhttps://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=TIM_2019_MAIN
Unit of measure used

• Persons thousands, in case of employment (except for Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Israel, Mexico and the United States, which use number of jobs)
• Percent, in case of shares.

Date last updated

May 2022

Contact person

Users are encouraged to send their comments and questions or to signal any apparent errors regarding the TiM database to stan.contact@oecd.org, mentioning Trade in employment in the title of their message.

Other data characteristics

Additional information can be downloaded from the OECD•Stat menu.

Go to "Export" and select "Related Files".

Other comments

OECD logo