Go to Statistics Portal


Statistics Directorate    
The Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution.

The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and the hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line.

A Gini index of zero represents perfect equality and 100, perfect inequality.

For a formal definition of the Gini index and examples, see

Source Publication:
Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM): 2001-2002, International Labour Organisation, Geneva, 2002, page 704.

Statistical Theme: Labour statistics

Created on Friday, August 9, 2002

Last updated on Thursday, February 16, 2006