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Is defined as a biotechnology active firm that applies biotechnology techniques for the purpose of implementing new or significantly improved products or processes (per the OECD Oslo Manual for the measurement of innovation).

It excludes end users which innovate simply by using biotechnology products as intermediate inputs (for instance, detergent manufacturers which change their formulation to include enzymes produced by other firms via biotechnology techniques).

Source Publication:
OECD, 2005, A Framework for Biotechnology Statistics, OECD, Paris, Chapter 2: Basic Concepts and Definitions.

Statistical Theme: Science and technology statistics

Created on Friday, July 1, 2005