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Activities which reduce or eliminate pressures on the environment and which aim at making more efficient use of natural resources.

Examples are investing in technologies designed to prevent or reduce pollution, restoring the environment after it has been polluted, protecting the economy from a deteriorated environment, recycling, conservation and resource management and the production of environmental goods and services.

In addition, there are some activities which, though not primarily aimed at protecting the environment, may have environmentally beneficial effects. Damage avoidance and treatment may also be included in the field of interest though these activities are more concerned with rectifying damage already done than with preventing it in the first place.

Lastly, and perhaps less obviously, minimisation of natural hazards may be included although these are activities to protect the economy from the environment where the others are concerned with protecting the environment from the economy.

Source Publication:
United Nations, European Commission, International Monetary Fund, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Bank , 2005, Handbook of National Accounting: Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting 2003, Studies in Methods, Series F, No.61, Rev.1, Glossary, United Nations, New York, paras. 5.4 & 5.25.

Statistical Theme: Environmental statistics

Created on Tuesday, July 5, 2005

Last updated on Wednesday, November 30, 2005