CountryInformation on item
Units for PersonnelFull-time equivalent on R&D activities
Occupation criteria
GenderTotal
Year19871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
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Industry
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre TOTAL BERD18 73820 80320 63621 02521 29922 91923 74225 812.127 12326 412.124 77225 108.926 507.328 391.232 20935 93937 429.640 45843 686.546 461.7
(a50 896.1
53 885.757 93656 510.564 905.9..
AGRICULTURE, HUNTING AND FORESTRY....................................462.5515.7
(a570.2
614.9657.7590.5614.3..
MINING AND QUARRYING..
(bs589
(n
..
..953.78508401 017.41 078.81 068.6951.5981.47751 194.28397511 028.91 657.72 640.22 803.8
(a3 305.5
4 427.73 8343 989.94 260.8..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre MANUFACTURING..
(bs11 386
(b11 576
..11 66012 88213 60914 868.714 860.414 303.513 682.513 39513 937.614 419.315 19217 49418 638.418 280.717 910.917 766
(a18 689
17 649.417 800.618 817.418 602.5..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Food, beverages and tobacco..
(bs836
(n
..
..1 002.61 1411 1561 1081 321.11 330.41 057.21 134.61 120.61 133.31 4341 5841 606.51 752.91 752.21 925.5
(a2 100.9
2 099.52 439.42 576.22 622.2..
Food products and beverages........978.91 1111 1241 078................1 599.2
(x
..
(x
..
(x
..
(x
..
(x
..
(x
..
(x
..
2 622.2..
Tobacco products........23.7303230................7.3
(x
..
(x
..
(x
..
(x
..
(x
..
(x
..
(x
..
....
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Textiles, fur and leather..
(bs141
(n
..
..158.1148182215.2215.1193.1171.6181.8194.5244.7165195247.3255.3241.5210.6
(a202.1
201.5167.8255.9351.2..
Textiles........110.4829993.398.791.585.59289.5121.4106121148165.6173137.4
(a117.5
118.985.4107.8205.2..
Wearing apparel and fur........27.9263971.56355.55542.959.966.2
(s18.9
(x
..
36.337.632.437.6
(a43.1
42.636.538.460.4..
Leather products and footwear........19.8404450.453.446.131.146.945.157.1
(s40.5
(x
..
6352.136.135.7
(a41.6
4045.9109.785.6..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Wood, paper, printing, publishing..
(bos356
(n
..
..314389351430.1483.3400.4437.3395533.4481.4458594716.1933.21 186.1669
(a807.5
759.8871.1900.8761.2..
Wood and cork (not furniture)..
(bos119
....56.5616688.1112.9122.8126.39692.544.9464149.2166.2190.3182.8
(a194.8
188.6184.8194151.4..
Pulp, paper and paper products..
(bos237
....239.6187164168161.6145.9147.9135.2272.4297.3277318386.9283.7269.3212.1
(a272.2
220321.2318.1222.5..
Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media..
(n
..
....17.9140121174208.8131.7163.1163.9168.5139.2135235280483.3726.5274.1
(a340.5
351.2365.1388.7387.3..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Coke, petroleum, nuclear fuel, chemicals and products, rubber and plastics..
(bs1 865
(bm1 817
..2 087.42 1232 1402 425.12 383.52 270.12 267.52 1892 213.52 536.92 4192 5322 6222 795.52 285.62 545.3
(a2 932
2 910.72 917.33 106.13 135.2..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Coke, refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel..
(bs10
....24202036.457.634.944.131.125.231.827104124.822689.5165.1
(a204.6
178.8176.9246.6218.7..
Coke and nuclear fuel..............................
(x
..
2.6
(x
..
14.235.7
(a39.9
43.535.227.310.8..
Refined petroleum products..............................
(x
..
122.2
(x
..
75.3129.4
(a164.7
135.3141.7219.3207.9..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Chemicals and chemical products..
(bs1 637
....1 813.81 8271 8342 061.22 006.61 969.41 961.71 898.51 910.62 208.62 0482 0022 032.52 195.61 846.11 936.2
(a2 240.6
2 230.12 212.22 245.52 358.9..
Chemicals and chemical products (less pharmaceuticals)..
(bs1 025
....1 099.81 1451 1251 179.41 225.31 130.11 089.8904852.21 054.51 0399929661 021.2957975.8
(a1 153.9
1 152.41 135.81 264.31 377.1..
Pharmaceuticals..
(bs612
....714682710881.8781.3839.3871.99941 058.41 154.11 0091 0101 066.51 174.4889.1960.4
(a1 086.7
1 077.71 076.4981.2981.7..
Rubber and plastic products..
(bs218
(n
..
..249.6275286327.5319.3265.8261.7260277.7296.5344426464.7373.9349.9444
(a486.8
501.8528.2614557.7..
Non-metallic mineral products..
(bs206
(n
..
..205.3299274426.8357.1456.2433.8369.1338279.4238379356.2303.7355.1359
(a346.7
295.3365.8358.5275..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Basic metals..
(bs962
(b996
..1 240.81 3311 3501 465.51 530.51 264.81 086.3838722.6592.3656944650.4832.61 002.8999.1
(a1 241
1 110.5636.6736.5768.9..
Basic metals, iron and steel..
(bs782
....866.48868811 006.71 070.6884.5815510372.7322.7368624328.7472.5546.8547.4
(a712.6
553.9358.3333.2297..
Basic metals, non-ferrous..
(bs180
....374.4445470458.8459.9380.3271.3328349.9269.6288320321.7360.1456451.8
(a528.5
556.6278.3403.3471.8..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Fabricated metal products, machinery and equipment, instruments and transport..
(bs6 868
(bm6 511
..6 445.57 3057 9978 5658 369.28 189.68 018.98 086.68 585.68 917.69 63912 38112 243.411 129.910 75910 884.8
(a10 858.3
10 058.610 19910 645.710 415.2..
Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment..
(bs383
(n
..
..309.3443453554.4505.6446350384.6399.3361372561560.2737.4675.8750.1
(a802.9
735.6814.4904688.5..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Machinery and equipment, n.e.c...
(bs790
(b1 225
..758.58859661 091.71 269.71 284.11 185835959.6882.81 0651 2381 5061 2351 173.91 328.2
(a1 490.5
1 4531 441.21 487.71 458..
Engines and turbines, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle....................................................
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Special purpose machinery......................................368.9
(a397.7
385.6379.9446.4422.5..
Machine tools....................................................
Weapons and ammunition....................................................
Office, accounting and computing machinery..
(n
..
....
(n
..
384394467.9334279.7318.4232206.1303.5378297470.3445.4349.9356.9
(a353.9
327.6191.4205.3245..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Electrical machinery and apparatus n.e.c...
(bs882
....874855843892.1797.1710.8676636.4601.8540.5608671871.1810.7620.8534.4
(a523.4
484.9593.6549.8753.7..
Electrical motors, generators and transformers....................................................
Electricity distribution and control apparatus (includes semiconductors)....................................................
Insulated wire and cable (includes optic fibre cables)............................
(x
..
1615.113.711.325.5
(a28.9
49.973.665.744.4..
Accumulators, primary cells and primary batteries............................
(x
..
622.46.5
(x
..
..............
Electric lamps and lighting equipment............................485241.133.324.662.4
(a58.7
41.852.862.6100.4..
Other electrical equipment n.e.c.......................................271.8
(a264.5
197.3224.1168155.4..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Radio, TV and communications equipment and apparatus..
(bos2 536
....
(o2 464.3
2 2222 5322 561.11 871.21 890.51 843.92 2922 262.42 259.52 1671 0391 977.81 581.32 0691 378.2
(a1 353.8
1 714.61 531.61 513.41 443.8..
Electronic valves, tubes and components........2 398.41 0881 2191 128.51 000.9998.48971 2691 186.11 049.6
(s977.3
(s978.7
....................
TV, radio transmitters and line apparatus........65.91 1351 3131 432.6870.3892.1946.91 0221 076.31 209.91 211742875.7612.21 106.5435.4
(a478.5
606.8720.6670.3572.9..
TV and radio receivers, sound and video goods....................................................
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Medical, precision and optical instruments, watches and clocks (instruments)..
(bs512
....520832894972.91 133.9872.3929.1941.21 097.31 526.11 5962 0332 195.72 161.81 310.42 339
(a2 252.3
1 520.91 699.31 806.91 949.9..
Medical appliances, instruments and control equipment......................................679.3
(a806
765792.6802.81 062.1..
Instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment....................................................
Industrial process control equipment....................................................
Optical instruments and photographic equipment............................169108111.140.540.458
(a52.1
46.44464.9122.1..
Watches and clocks....................................................
Motor Vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers..
(bs1 587
(bo1 622
..1 0811 1221 4021 5681 913.32 192.42 276.32 327.42 670.22 664.93 0623 6463 4833 354.73 268.13 025
(a3 130.8
2 884.43 0483 290.23 120.7..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Other Transport Equipment..
(bs178
(n
..
..438.4562513456.9544.4513.8440.2438.2388.9379.33911 1101 179.3803.61 291.21 173.1
(a950.8
937.6879.5888.4755.5..
Ships and boats..
(bs23
....164.6..168253.9246.8159.5248.4232.6169173.5181575498.9373.6796.7443.8
(a356.1
363373.9394.7326.6..
Railway and tramway locomotives and rolling stock............................
(x
..
(x
..
334.7
(x
..
182.4
(x
..
(x
..
202.8133.7160.5
(x
..
..
Aircraft and spacecraft........237.921118465.5109.652.466.3....28.727
(x
..
331.963.4298569.6
(a368.4
363.9301.6242.9210.3..
Transport equipment, nec..
(bs155
....35.9..162137.5188301.9125.5....177.1
(x
..
413.8
(x
..
14.1
(x
..
(x
..
7.970.390.3
(x
..
..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Furniture, other manufacturing nec..
(bms152
(bo2 252
..206.3147159233200.6198.9209.9202229.4233.7183201196.5277.6328.7172.6
(a200.6
213.5203.6237.7273.7..
Furniture..
(n
..
....69.28164102.394.475.974.289.989.398
(s56.7
5067.34958.971.8
(a63.8
68.569.790.3122.7..
Other manufacturing nec..
(bs152
(b2 252
..137.16695130.7106.2123135.7112140.1135.7
(s115.7
151129.2228.6269.8100.8
(a136.8
145133.9147.4151..
Recycling........000000................................
ELECTRICITY, GAS and WATER SUPPLY..
(bs278
(n
..
..462.2445404367.2194.9124.4113.5241155.3189.7222185180.9208.6306.6381.8
(a360.6
461.8558.7622.4612.8..
CONSTRUCTION..
(bs141
(n
..
..64.88574107.8162.8214.9215.7180213189.8275675735.4911.2873.91 172.7
(a1 931.3
2 464.42 157.32 500.32 475.1..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre SERVICES SECTOR..
(bs7 405
(bo9 059
..8 157.88 6578 8169 45110 82610 700.79 808.810 31111 42612 398.215 68116 83416 84619 399.821 492.423 821.7
(a26 039.4
28 267.532 927.729 99038 340.4..
Wholesale, retail trade and motor vehicle repair........1 7211 7251 7861 589.82 588.42 756.12 5642 3792 5752 5212 7312 5343 231.23 775.64 294.94 186
(a4 463
4 497.64 174.34 008.84 140.3..
Hotels and restaurants........000000..000..
(x
..
..28.556.6
(x
..
(a66.7
139.3114.581.392.9..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Transport, storage and communications..
(bs932
....967.185144..17397.4392.7275.2227.14701 1881 302933.71 004.11 480.11 684.1
(a1 528.5
1 471.71 511.81 502.71 553.4..
Telecommunications....................96.5101.476.7292.4
(s969.9
(x
..
720.6695.51 009.91 069.3
(a922.8
862757.8762.1787.7..
Other............................
(s218.1
(x
..
213.1308.6470.2614.8
(a605.7
609.7754740.6765.6..
Financial intermediation (includes insurance)........1 445.41 4861 198978.81 218.81 138.1429.7681.5952.5964.71 6672 9281 776.82 6002 752.42 979.8
(a3 863.7
5 717.19 721.16 123.212 590.4..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Real estate, renting and business activities........3 891.14 4744 9805 966.16 031.56 240.36 159.76 6307 3298 073.59 6569 35410 541.511 532.912 296.514 308.5
(a15 386.2
15 319.516 122.616 97618 381.6..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Computer and related activities........1 658.42 2082 5703 1583 455.93 531.53 448.63 9544 470.45 053.85 4105 3605 846.66 003.46 273.17 668.8
(a7 896
7 797.38 075.38 646.78 767.8..
Software consultancy and supply..........2 0022 3222 925.23 196.13 235.93 128.53 7344 263.34 908.5
(s5 340.5
5 1345 821....337.8
(a350.9
291.9271284.5264.9..
Research and development..
(bs1 948
....725.3812812933.2973.8943.61 064.51 2241 331.21 418.61 7781 7322 1702 139.12 313.92 391.3
(a2 660.5
2 438.32 279.22 069.82 388.1..
Hide subtree/Cacher sous-arbre Other business activities ........1 507.41 4541 5991 874.91 601.81 765.21 646.61 4521 527.41 601.12 4682 2622 651....4 110.6
(a4 611.5
4 839.45 336.65 839.76 879..
Architectural, engineering and other technical activities..............................1 4041 451.31 699.72 088.72 710.1
(a2 894.2
2 892.93 059.13 173.43 523.1..
Community, social and personal service activities, etc.........133.2122104187.6194.9168.8262.7345.4343.2369439
(x
..
362.8458.7611.9
(x
..
(a731.3
1 122.31 283.41 2981 581.9..
Legend:
aBreak in series with previous year for which data is available
bSecretariat estimate or projection based on national sources
mUnderestimated or based on underestimated data
nIncluded elsewhere
oIncludes other classes
sUnrevised breakdown not adding to the revised total
xConfidential
Data extracted on 01 Oct 2014 05:48 UTC (GMT) from OECD.Stat

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