Fisheries Support Estimate
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OECD statistics contact: TAD.contact@oecd.org

Click to expand Date last input received
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The OECD data call opens in May(y) to collect (y-1) data; data are disseminated in December(y).

Click to expand Direct source
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The FSE data collection is part of the more comprehensive data gathering carried out on an annual basis by the Fisheries Committee (COFI) of the Trade and Agriculture Directorate (TAD) from OECD members and participating non-OECD economies.

Data on fisheries support estimate (FSE) are collected from Fisheries Ministries, National Statistics Offices and other institutions designated as an official data source.

Click to expand Data source(s) used
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FSE statistics are mainly compiled using administrative data from government agencies budgets on programmes and policies supporting fishers individually and collectively.

Click to expand Data Characteristics
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Click to expand Date last updated
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March, 2020

Click to expand Other data characteristics
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Click to expand Periodicity
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The data provided by countries and disseminated by OECD are annual data.

Click to expand Power code
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Zero

Click to expand Reference period
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The annual time unit normally used in fisheries statistics is the calendar or civil year, i.e. the period between 1 January and 31 December.

For exceptions, please see the individual notes.

Click to expand Unit of measure used
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Data are collected and expressed in national currency at current prices; for analytical purposes and data comparisons, they are converted in US dollar, using an average of yearly spot exchange rates, taken from different sources (Herald Tribune, Financial Times, New York Stock Exchange) and used also in the OECD Main Economic Indicators database.

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Click to expand Classification(s) used
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Support policies are classified according to the types of by policyies type and implementation criteria, that is, the modalities under which transfers are provided to fishers or the conditions of eligibility for the payment, which are are important determinants of fishers’ economic behaviour.

They are classified into three main categories:

I. DIRECT SUPPORT TO INDIVIDUALS AND COMPANIES: Direct support to individuals or companies originates in a variety of policies, which result in direct transfers to individual fishers or fishing companies. They include tax exemptions; income support; special insurance systems; transfers on the basis of permanent capacity reduction, such as through decommissioning schemes or payments for early retirement; transfers directed at lowering the cost of inputs (including for fuel, other variable inputs like ice or bait as well as fixed inputs like vessels and gear). A common objective of direct support policies is to maintain or increase the incomes of fishers.

II. SUPPORT FOR SERVICES TO THE SECTOR: Support for services to the sector benefit the sector as a whole, or some of its segments. It is represented by policies that provide services to fisheries generally, and are not destined to individual fishers; they do not directly affect their revenue, although they likely have an indirect impact on investment, revenue and activity. It includes spending on management, control and surveillance; on education and training; on marketing and promotion; on research and development; and on investment targeted at fishing communities’ well-being. Support for services to the sector also covers financing of infrastructure, and payments for access to foreign waters.

III. COST RECOVERY CHARGES: Many of the support policies reported in the FSE database are subject to some form of cost sharing or cost recovery from fishers that benefit from them. Given the gross transfer definition of support in the FSE database, these charges, fees or other forms of payment from fishers to the government are not deducted directly from the corresponding transfers; instead they are identified separately in a third FSE category. The transfers reported under III. COST RECOVERY CHARGES, correspond to fees paid by fisheries service users, such as for access to port facilities or management, as well as taxes or fees paid by fishers and fishing companies on resource use or associated profits, such as fees associated with the attribution of fishing licences or quotas. These transfers all correspond to revenue for governments or public agencies in charge of fisheries management. There are five different cost-recovery categories, covering mainly fishing access, infrastructure and management.

Click to expand Key statistical concept
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Governments provide support to their fisheries sectors through a wide range of policies that might benefit individuals and companies or the sector as a whole; the objectives vary but tend to centre on goals such as maintaining employment, improving fishers’ welfare, or ensuring the sustainability of the sector and the resources it relies on.

The FSE database reports information on all these policies. Fisheries support is defined in the FSE as the annual monetary value of gross transfers to fishers from taxpayers, arising from policies targeted to the fisheries sector, measured in gross terms, meaning that no adjustment is made for costs incurred by fishers in order to receive the support. More information about the FSE database, the scope of policies covered and definitions can be found in the FSE Manual.

Click to expand Dissemination format(s)
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FSE data are disseminated on-line in the 'Fisheries and Aquaculture statistics' domain of OECD.Stat and in the biennial paper publication 'OECD Review of Fisheries, Policies and Summary Statistics'

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Click to expand Quality comments
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FSE data collection is slowly moving from a pilot phase to regular systematic reporting; the data should be interpreted with caution due to the difficulties in allocating (and estimating) national policies into a consistent international framework.

Fisheries support is intrinsically linked to the domestic context; comparing countries is challenging, as well as finding a common baseline.

At present old, missing and poorly understood data make it hard to evaluate the consistency and the comparability of the information provided.

Click to expand Recommended uses and limitations
Click to collapse Recommended uses and limitations

FSE data are designed to monitor and quantify developments in fisheries policy, to establish a common basis for policy dialogue among countries, and to provide economic data to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of policies.

They can be used for policy evaluation and modelling and they reflect the provision of the support, but they are not intended to measure the impact of the policy effort.

Fisheries Support EstimateAbstract

The OECD Fisheries Support Estimates (FSE) database is intended to be the best source of information on fisheries policies in OECD members and participating non-OECD economies.

It is designed to monitor and quantify developments in fisheries policy, to establish a common basis for policy dialogue among countries, and to provide economic data to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of policies.

The dataset report aggregated information on country programmes; more detailed information on country programmes can be found in country-level metadata, while the full dataset can be downloaded in Excel format at the link provided below, where statistics are organized in pivot tables to make possible cross-country comparisons and to filter disaggregated policy-level data by policy implementation criteria and country.

Full datasethttp://stats.oecd.org/wbos/fileview2.aspx?IDFile=33f7a676-4345-414e-907e-9c0c0726ddc4
Contact person/organisation

OECD statistics contact: TAD.contact@oecd.org

Data source(s) used

FSE statistics are mainly compiled using administrative data from government agencies budgets on programmes and policies supporting fishers individually and collectively.

Direct source

The FSE data collection is part of the more comprehensive data gathering carried out on an annual basis by the Fisheries Committee (COFI) of the Trade and Agriculture Directorate (TAD) from OECD members and participating non-OECD economies.

Data on fisheries support estimate (FSE) are collected from Fisheries Ministries, National Statistics Offices and other institutions designated as an official data source.

Date last input received

The OECD data call opens in May(y) to collect (y-1) data; data are disseminated in December(y).

Unit of measure used

Data are collected and expressed in national currency at current prices; for analytical purposes and data comparisons, they are converted in US dollar, using an average of yearly spot exchange rates, taken from different sources (Herald Tribune, Financial Times, New York Stock Exchange) and used also in the OECD Main Economic Indicators database.

Power code

Zero

Periodicity

The data provided by countries and disseminated by OECD are annual data.

Reference period

The annual time unit normally used in fisheries statistics is the calendar or civil year, i.e. the period between 1 January and 31 December.

For exceptions, please see the individual notes.

Date last updated

March, 2020

Other data characteristics

Standard ISO 3-alpha codes are used for countries and currencies.

International Organization for Standardizationhttp://www.iso.org/iso/home.html
Statistical population

The statistical population is the group of OECD members, plus some partner countries (non OECD members).

In order to facilitate analysis and comparisons over time, historical data for OECD members have been provided over as long a period as possible, often even before a country became a member of the Organisation.

Information on the membership dates of all OECD countries can be found at OECD Ratification Dates.

OECD Ratification Dateshttp://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/list-oecd-member-countries.htm
Key statistical concept

Governments provide support to their fisheries sectors through a wide range of policies that might benefit individuals and companies or the sector as a whole; the objectives vary but tend to centre on goals such as maintaining employment, improving fishers’ welfare, or ensuring the sustainability of the sector and the resources it relies on.

The FSE database reports information on all these policies. Fisheries support is defined in the FSE as the annual monetary value of gross transfers to fishers from taxpayers, arising from policies targeted to the fisheries sector, measured in gross terms, meaning that no adjustment is made for costs incurred by fishers in order to receive the support. More information about the FSE database, the scope of policies covered and definitions can be found in the FSE Manual.

FSE Manualhttp://stats.oecd.org/wbos/fileview2.aspx?IDFile=293f897b-9943-4b42-ac7b-42bc995a4677
Classification(s) used

Support policies are classified according to the types of by policyies type and implementation criteria, that is, the modalities under which transfers are provided to fishers or the conditions of eligibility for the payment, which are are important determinants of fishers’ economic behaviour.

They are classified into three main categories:

I. DIRECT SUPPORT TO INDIVIDUALS AND COMPANIES: Direct support to individuals or companies originates in a variety of policies, which result in direct transfers to individual fishers or fishing companies. They include tax exemptions; income support; special insurance systems; transfers on the basis of permanent capacity reduction, such as through decommissioning schemes or payments for early retirement; transfers directed at lowering the cost of inputs (including for fuel, other variable inputs like ice or bait as well as fixed inputs like vessels and gear). A common objective of direct support policies is to maintain or increase the incomes of fishers.

II. SUPPORT FOR SERVICES TO THE SECTOR: Support for services to the sector benefit the sector as a whole, or some of its segments. It is represented by policies that provide services to fisheries generally, and are not destined to individual fishers; they do not directly affect their revenue, although they likely have an indirect impact on investment, revenue and activity. It includes spending on management, control and surveillance; on education and training; on marketing and promotion; on research and development; and on investment targeted at fishing communities’ well-being. Support for services to the sector also covers financing of infrastructure, and payments for access to foreign waters.

III. COST RECOVERY CHARGES: Many of the support policies reported in the FSE database are subject to some form of cost sharing or cost recovery from fishers that benefit from them. Given the gross transfer definition of support in the FSE database, these charges, fees or other forms of payment from fishers to the government are not deducted directly from the corresponding transfers; instead they are identified separately in a third FSE category. The transfers reported under III. COST RECOVERY CHARGES, correspond to fees paid by fisheries service users, such as for access to port facilities or management, as well as taxes or fees paid by fishers and fishing companies on resource use or associated profits, such as fees associated with the attribution of fishing licences or quotas. These transfers all correspond to revenue for governments or public agencies in charge of fisheries management. There are five different cost-recovery categories, covering mainly fishing access, infrastructure and management.

FSE Classificationhttp://stats.oecd.org/wbos/fileview2.aspx?IDFile=68ae34d7-a079-42fa-84c3-6d8e636e20d3
Dissemination format(s)

FSE data are disseminated on-line in the 'Fisheries and Aquaculture statistics' domain of OECD.Stat and in the biennial paper publication 'OECD Review of Fisheries, Policies and Summary Statistics'

Recommended uses and limitations

FSE data are designed to monitor and quantify developments in fisheries policy, to establish a common basis for policy dialogue among countries, and to provide economic data to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of policies.

They can be used for policy evaluation and modelling and they reflect the provision of the support, but they are not intended to measure the impact of the policy effort.

Quality comments

FSE data collection is slowly moving from a pilot phase to regular systematic reporting; the data should be interpreted with caution due to the difficulties in allocating (and estimating) national policies into a consistent international framework.

Fisheries support is intrinsically linked to the domestic context; comparing countries is challenging, as well as finding a common baseline.

At present old, missing and poorly understood data make it hard to evaluate the consistency and the comparability of the information provided.