Country
Year199019952000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
VariableUnit
Environmental and resource productivityCO2 ProductivityProduction-based CO2 productivity, GDP per unit of energy-related CO2 emissionsUS dollars per kilogram, 20101.882.012.072.112.122.182.172.212.262.282.312.322.442.522.572.63....
Production-based CO2 intensity, energy-related CO2 per capitaTonnes15.2115.8517.5917.6917.9017.9318.4318.4118.4018.5418.3018.1917.4817.2617.0216.81....
Production-based CO2 emissions, index 2000=100Index, 2000=10077.5585.25100.00101.89104.24105.63109.77110.97112.44115.40116.17117.86115.04115.17115.62116.13....
Production-based CO2 emissionsTonnes, Millions259.55285.34334.70341.03348.89353.53367.40371.41376.32386.25388.82394.48385.05385.49386.97388.68....
Demand-based CO2 productivity, GDP per unit of energy-related CO2 emissionsUS dollars per kilogram, 2010..2.112.092.172.092.051.981.982.052.032.092.152.172.18........
Demand-based CO2 productivity, disposable income per unit of energy-related CO2 emissionsUS dollars per kilogram, 2010..1.701.701.771.701.671.591.581.631.631.681.711.741.78........
Demand-based CO2 intensity, energy-related CO2 per capitaTonnes..15.0617.3717.1418.1619.0920.1420.5420.3020.8320.2119.6719.6019.96........
Demand-based CO2 emissions, index 2000=100Index, 2000=100..82.08100.0099.99107.11113.92121.49125.43125.63131.29129.98129.08130.68134.93........
Demand-based CO2 emissionsTonnes, Millions..271.23330.45330.42353.94376.46401.47414.47415.16433.86429.53426.56431.83445.88........
Energy productivityEnergy productivity, GDP per unit of TPESUS Dollar, 20105 654.586 184.226 400.146 795.246 766.566 961.997 065.217 224.447 198.227 217.557 086.767 205.667 350.327 574.837 857.808 071.568 335.428 190.99
Energy intensity, TPES per capitaTonnes of oil equivalent (toe)5.065.155.685.495.615.625.655.625.785.875.965.865.795.755.585.475.335.46
Total primary energy supply, index 2000=100Index, 2000=10079.9085.75100.0097.82101.25102.49104.23104.97109.32113.06117.25117.64118.07118.73117.25117.00115.85120.82
Total primary energy supplyTonnes of oil equivalent (toe), Millions86.3892.70108.10105.74109.45110.79112.68113.48118.17122.22126.74127.17127.63128.35126.75126.47125.24130.60
Renewable energy supply, % TPESPercentage5.875.975.886.136.175.985.795.695.635.625.574.425.505.505.556.226.536.54
Renewable electricity, % total electricity generationPercentage9.669.628.388.107.868.398.148.809.308.658.127.488.6110.4310.5913.2614.9113.68
Non-energy material productivityNon-energy material productivity, GDP per unit of DMCUS dollars per kilogram, 2010....................0.610.650.680.700.72......
Biotic materials, % of DMCPercentage....................25.4524.9425.3124.9525.61......
Construction minerals, % of DMCPercentage....................12.5613.0110.7711.0711.25......
Other abiotic materials (excluding construction), % of DMCPercentage....................37.1137.7738.8638.7537.23......
Municipal waste generated, kg per capitaKilograms per capita....
(E693.72
................647.07..628.34........
Municipal waste recycled or composted, % treated waste Percentage..........30.34..........
(B40.98
..45.17........
Municipal waste disposed to landfills, % treated wastePercentage..........69.66..........
(B57.94
..48.54........
Environmentally adjusted multifactor productivityEnvironmentally adjusted multifactor productivity growthPercentage points..2.040.963.161.392.701.301.161.641.320.300.990.342.011.50......
Contribution of natural capitalPercentage points..0.050.150.03-0.020.000.100.180.260.300.230.330.400.300.40......
Adjustment for pollution abatementPercentage points..-0.45-0.15-0.24-0.06-0.07-0.28-0.07-0.13-0.22-0.110.05-0.010.12-0.03......
Natural asset baseFreshwater resourcesTotal freshwater abstraction per capitaCubic metres per capita..1 336.98..1 151.54......958.27......689.03644.02629.36........
Water stress, total freshwater abstraction as % total available renewable resourcesPercentage..
(E6.22
..
(E5.73
......
(E4.99
......
(E3.86
(E3.66
(E3.63
........
Water stress, total freshwater abstraction as % total internal renewable resourcesPercentage..
(E6.22
..
(E5.73
......
(E4.99
......
(E3.86
(E3.66
(E3.63
........
Land resourcesArable and cropland, % total land areaPercentage6.265.256.206.526.266.176.266.476.265.805.785.995.596.266.186.07....
Pastures and meadows, % total land areaPercentage54.2055.0753.1052.7951.9251.0451.0351.4750.3649.5848.5447.2546.2947.0746.6045.56....
Forest, % total land areaPercentage16.7316.7516.7716.7416.7116.6816.6516.6116.5016.3816.2716.1516.0416.0816.1216.16....
Other land, % total land areaPercentage22.8122.9323.9423.9425.1126.1126.0625.4426.8928.2429.4130.6032.0830.5931.1032.21....
Wildlife resourcesThreatened mammal species, % total known speciesPercentage........................24.44..........
Threatened bird species, % total known speciesPercentage........................14.11..........
Threatened vascular plant species, % total known speciesPercentage........................6.53..........
Environmental dimension of quality of lifeExposure to air pollutionMean population exposure to PM2.5Micrograms per cubic metre7.788.258.32........7.77........6.896.586.296.03....
Percentage of population exposed to more than 10 micrograms/m3Percentage20.9423.8824.02........21.48........5.211.170.050.16....
Percentage of population exposed to more than 35 micrograms/m3Percentage0.000.000.00........0.00........0.000.000.000.00....
Access to sewage treatmentPopulation connected to public sewerage, % total populationPercentage......90.00....87.00......................
Economic opportunities and policy responsesTechnology and innovation: PatentsDevelopment of environment-related technologies, % all technologiesPercentage9.5610.887.948.398.168.9911.169.659.8810.3911.6512.2713.3611.9410.64......
Relative advantage in environment-related technologyRatio1.341.541.091.121.101.181.451.221.151.131.151.081.131.020.96......
Development of environment-related technologies, % inventions worldwidePercentage0.971.231.041.040.921.061.301.061.000.950.950.860.780.700.65......
Development of environment-related technologies, inventions per capitaNumber4.586.218.608.848.409.5912.4910.7910.9711.0911.4311.3011.2710.329.27......
Technology and innovation: R&DEnvironmentally related government R&D budget, % total government R&DPercentage3.12
(B1.19
2.952.94
(B2.90
3.483.461.822.533.052.954.173.893.483.953.784.58
(En4.34
Environmentally related R&D expenditure, % GDPPercentage0.04..0.03..0.04..0.12..0.11..0.11..............
Renewable energy public RD&D budget, % total energy public RD&DPercentage..4.60..9.95..10.6012.4012.4214.6315.9513.7919.2720.2433.6433.4053.9325.51..
Energy public RD&D budget, % GDPPercentage..0.02..0.02..0.020.030.020.020.030.030.040.030.040.050.060.02..
International financial flows: Official Development AssistanceEnvironmentally related ODA, % total ODAPercentage
(E0.48
13.745.8715.448.3812.434.6810.906.467.214.8716.1918.2017.4517.1011.0211.07..
ODA - all sectors - biodiversity, % total ODAPercentage....2.571.410.900.030.050.842.463.632.476.617.057.358.154.863.12..
ODA - all sectors - climate change mitigation, % total ODAPercentage....1.320.240.410.230.001.410.794.281.6014.567.294.478.015.283.78..
ODA - all sectors - climate change adaptation, % total ODAPercentage........................0.0011.8611.947.876.30..
ODA - all sectors - desertification, % total ODAPercentage....1.590.230.490.000.000.220.612.630.723.1010.333.276.552.932.01..
ODA - renewable energy sector, % total allocable ODAPercentage0.000.000.030.000.100.000.000.000.000.010.010.000.010.000.080.070.35..
ODA - water supply and sanitation sector, % total allocable ODAPercentage2.963.9510.004.731.995.281.750.311.850.191.342.957.058.725.887.735.77..
ODA - environment sector, % total allocable ODAPercentage0.592.695.191.681.421.480.021.730.613.142.131.453.253.754.434.501.79..
Net ODA provided, % GNIPercentage0.340.340.270.250.260.250.250.250.300.320.320.290.320.340.360.330.310.27
Environmental taxes and transfersEnvironmentally related taxes, % GDPPercentage..2.602.412.352.332.262.232.051.981.931.851.861.801.782.072.131.91..
Environmentally related taxes, % total tax revenuePercentage..9.237.918.117.817.567.366.866.726.526.857.207.036.797.597.77....
Energy related tax revenue, % total environmental tax revenuePercentage..75.7473.2572.3071.3069.5169.5168.2968.0966.9367.1365.1564.2763.9667.2267.9563.00..
Road transport-related tax revenue, % total environmental tax revenuePercentage..24.1026.0327.0128.0029.6329.5930.7230.9831.8531.5733.4033.8233.7730.3529.6834.53..
Petrol tax, USD per litreUS dollars per litre, 2010....0.370.330.320.310.300.290.280.280.270.260.250.250.240.240.230.23
Diesel tax, USD per litreUS dollars per litre, 2010....0.370.330.320.310.300.290.280.280.270.260.250.250.240.240.230.23
Fossil fuel consumption support, % energy related tax revenuePercentage....41.2841.0342.3843.1642.1143.7549.9946.2948.2145.2144.7945.7235.8534.4143.33..
Fossil fuel consumption support, % total tax revenuePercentage....2.392.412.362.272.152.052.292.022.222.122.021.991.831.821.86..
Socio-economic contextReal GDP, Index 2000=100Index, 2000=10070.5982.86100.00103.86107.05111.49115.06118.49122.95127.50129.83132.45135.60140.52143.95147.55150.88
(E154.62
Value added in agriculture, % of total value addedPercentage3.483.723.844.313.183.383.162.982.402.522.472.382.462.442.482.412.50..
Value added in industry, % of total value addedPercentage30.2428.4825.9725.7926.3926.2126.7927.9027.9127.7528.9327.0828.5128.2226.8027.1125.52..
Value added in services, % of total value addedPercentage66.2867.8070.1969.9070.4370.4170.0569.1269.6969.7368.6170.5469.0369.3470.7270.4871.98..
Population density, inhabitants per km2Inhabitants2.202.332.462.492.522.552.582.612.642.692.752.802.852.892.942.99....
Labour tax revenue, % GDPPercentage1.721.931.361.301.301.301.331.351.351.391.371.331.311.361.411.40....
Real GDP per capitaUS Dollar, 201028 620.6431 840.0636 360.0937 278.4837 989.6639 114.5239 935.4140 629.3141 591.2542 354.2542 266.5742 246.8642 580.7543 519.2143 816.1544 146.35
(B44 439.71
(E44 683.34
Legend:
BBreak
EEstimated value
nNational estimate
Data extracted on 07 Dec 2016 09:06 UTC (GMT) from OECD.Stat

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