Country
Year199019952000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
VariableUnit
Environmental and resource productivityCO2 ProductivityProduction-based CO2 productivity, GDP per unit of energy-related CO2 emissionsUS dollars per kilogram, 20102.552.712.963.003.053.063.133.213.333.383.473.563.533.653.743.783.91..
Production-based CO2 intensity, energy-related CO2 per capitaTonnes10.2910.3110.7910.7210.6310.7610.7910.7410.6110.6710.319.649.959.769.609.569.37..
Production-based CO2 emissions, index 2000=100Index, 2000=10088.4192.33100.00100.1199.88101.76102.78103.04102.47103.79101.1495.1498.9897.5896.5296.5995.21..
Production-based CO2 emissionsTonnes, Millions11 014.2811 502.5712 458.5012 471.6512 443.8512 677.5512 804.5912 837.3012 766.0412 931.2012 600.9011 853.0412 331.4012 157.2512 025.0612 033.8111 862.24..
Demand-based CO2 productivity, GDP per unit of energy-related CO2 emissionsUS dollars per kilogram, 2010..2.482.602.652.702.682.712.752.842.913.003.143.103.19........
Demand-based CO2 intensity, energy-related CO2 per capitaTonnes..11.2612.2612.1412.0412.2812.4512.5312.4612.3811.9410.9211.3311.17........
Demand-based CO2 emissions, index 2000=100Index, 2000=100..88.77100.0099.7199.57102.26104.36105.78105.89106.07103.0694.9099.2098.29........
Demand-based CO2 emissionsTonnes, Millions..12 565.7914 155.7914 115.2514 095.5914 476.3514 773.0014 973.3114 989.9815 015.4114 588.3513 433.4714 041.8613 914.16........
Energy productivityEnergy productivity, GDP per unit of TPESUS Dollar, 20106 189.496 375.576 945.387 062.787 135.907 191.447 293.727 452.067 680.017 849.987 969.128 044.478 018.888 327.918 488.758 560.058 785.87
(E8 989.43
Energy intensity, TPES per capitaTonnes of oil equivalent (toe)4.244.384.594.554.554.584.634.634.604.594.494.274.384.284.234.224.17
(E4.14
Total primary energy supply, index 2000=100Index, 2000=10085.4892.08100.0099.72100.38101.69103.61104.24104.35104.84103.5299.00102.35100.4499.77100.1999.51
(E99.42
Total primary energy supplyTonnes of oil equivalent (toe), Millions4 533.624 883.955 303.775 288.915 323.985 393.635 495.445 528.835 534.545 560.275 490.655 250.775 428.275 327.325 291.505 314.115 277.61
(E5 272.86
Renewable energy supply, % TPESPercentage5.996.176.035.745.785.916.036.256.456.657.027.477.798.168.729.179.409.64
Renewable electricity, % total electricity generationPercentage17.2417.0015.5414.7415.0514.8315.0915.1015.5315.3616.3017.3717.6919.0420.0121.2622.0922.96
Energy consumption in agriculture, % total energy consumptionPercentage1.751.781.591.621.721.631.721.761.781.741.781.791.781.771.761.771.73..
Energy consumption in services, % total energy consumptionPercentage11.0511.6511.7512.0212.1012.3312.3612.4512.3212.3612.9213.4613.1613.0812.9913.2713.21..
Energy consumption in industry, % total energy consumptionPercentage27.0024.6725.1824.3223.4223.3123.3522.8423.2523.1022.6321.1321.9922.6122.3522.1822.28..
Energy consumption in transport, % total energy consumptionPercentage30.2631.0831.4731.7732.0531.9931.9832.2332.4832.8232.4332.8832.2032.5233.1032.8033.48..
Energy consumption in other sectors, % total energy consumptionPercentage29.9430.8230.0130.2730.7030.7430.5930.7130.1729.9830.2430.7530.8830.0129.8029.9929.29..
Non-energy material productivityNon-energy material productivity, GDP per unit of DMCUS dollars per kilogram, 2010....................2.152.282.322.312.40......
Biomass, % of DMCPercentage....................25.7227.9526.9626.5526.95......
Non-metallic minerals, % of DMCPercentage....................44.5841.5840.9741.0239.57......
Metals, % of DMCPercentage....................29.7030.4732.0732.4333.48......
Municipal waste generated, kg per capitaKilograms per capita
(E502.86
(E521.12
(E554.05
(E549.40
(E554.97
(E550.61
(E554.03
(E553.63
(E555.47
(E553.63
(E543.52
(E531.89
(E531.40
(E529.29
(E523.66
(E518.92
(E515.51
(E519.52
Municipal waste incinerated, % treated wastePercentage..
(EI19.33
(EI18.63
........
(EI19.33
........
(EI20.43
......
(EI21.49
21.83
Municipal waste recycled or composted, % treated waste Percentage..
(EI19.35
(EI24.51
........
(EI29.55
........
(EI32.35
......
(EI34.18
(EI34.93
Municipal waste disposed to landfills, % treated wastePercentage..
(EI60.67
(EI56.19
........
(EI50.60
........
(EI46.88
......
(EI44.15
(EI43.10
Natural asset baseFreshwater resourcesTotal freshwater abstraction per capitaCubic metres per capita
(E945.55
(E913.28
(E896.28
(E887.43
(E879.67
(E879.93
(E877.30
(E872.47
(E863.44
(E852.73
(E843.24
(E838.88
(E833.11
(E827.70
(E827.22
(E821.10
819.09..
Water stress, total freshwater abstraction as % total available renewable resourcesPercentage
(E9.51
(E9.72
(E9.77
(E9.79
(E9.76
(E9.71
(E9.67
(E9.69
(E9.69
(E9.68
(E9.73
(E9.71
(E9.74
(E9.74
(E9.74
(E9.74
9.74..
Water stress, total freshwater abstraction as % total internal renewable resourcesPercentage
(E10.15
(E10.37
(E10.43
(E10.44
(E10.41
(E10.36
(E10.32
(E10.34
(E10.34
(E10.33
(E10.38
(E10.36
(E10.39
(E10.39
(E10.39
(E10.39
10.39..
Land resourcesArable and cropland, % total land areaPercentage13.6613.1913.1613.2013.0212.9112.8212.7912.5212.3812.3812.2812.0612.0212.2312.0912.18..
Pastures and meadows, % total land areaPercentage25.1125.0824.6624.6024.3524.2024.2524.4224.2224.1023.8723.5823.3723.5523.4123.1923.43..
Forest, % total land areaPercentage30.8030.9831.0831.0931.1031.1031.1131.1231.1331.1431.1631.1731.1831.2131.2531.2831.31..
Other land, % total land areaPercentage30.4330.7531.1031.1131.5431.7931.8231.6732.1332.3832.5832.9733.3933.2133.1133.4433.08..
Forest resourcesForest resource stocksCubic metres, Millions66 866.05..73 119.72........123 569.70........80 585.51........79 594.78
Forests under sustainable management certification, % total forest areaPercentage....1.82
(E3.98
(E7.57
(E11.90
(E13.69
15.88
(E16.38
(E17.58
(E18.74
(E20.19
22.41
(E21.87
(E23.49
(E32.29
(E32.14
..
Environmental dimension of quality of lifeExposure to air pollutionMean population exposure to PM2.5Micrograms per cubic metre....15.9315.6816.1416.7214.0914.9415.0014.0213.9913.9214.0413.4913.0914.07..14.48
Percentage of population exposed to more than 10 micrograms/m3Percentage....86.6585.7787.0988.7581.4684.3982.0280.4673.3170.2268.5375.7269.2069.97..75.16
Percentage of population exposed to more than 35 micrograms/m3Percentage....0.591.370.220.410.030.100.160.050.270.220.640.030.030.48..1.50
Mortality from exposure to PM2.5Per 1 000 000 inhabitants483.61442.58401.36........367.61........338.80........368.26
Access to drinking water and sewage treatmentPopulation with access to improved sanitation, % total populationPercentage....96.0796.2096.3396.4696.5996.7296.8596.9897.1097.2297.3597.4797.5997.7097.8097.82
Population with access to improved drinking water sources, % total population Percentage....97.9498.0598.1598.2698.3798.4898.5898.6898.7998.8998.9999.0899.1799.2599.3299.32
Economic opportunities and policy responsesTechnology and innovation: PatentsDevelopment of environment-related technologies, % all technologiesPercentage7.137.117.407.627.597.817.898.148.839.5510.5011.8312.2612.3411.8310.45....
Relative advantage in environment-related technologyRatio1.001.001.011.011.011.021.021.031.031.031.031.031.031.041.051.05....
Development of environment-related technologies, % inventions worldwidePercentage98.2698.0896.8396.7095.6795.2494.7193.9793.3893.1191.9591.3790.6990.3489.8190.26....
Development of environment-related technologies, inventions per capitaNumber7.418.0713.2913.6614.6114.4915.3616.2317.5618.7519.3421.3823.4924.2123.5520.42....
Environmental taxes and transfersEnvironmentally related taxes, % GDPPercentage..
(E1.84
(E1.83
(E1.84
(E1.85
(E1.84
(E1.70
(E1.74
(E1.68
(E1.64
(E1.54
(E1.63
(E1.65
(E1.62
(E1.60
(E1.63
(E1.61
..
Environmentally related taxes, % total tax revenuePercentage..
(E6.11
(E5.84
(E5.98
(E6.25
(E6.26
(E5.79
(E5.78
(E5.46
(E5.33
(E5.11
(E5.68
(E5.69
(E5.49
(E5.35
(E5.31
(E5.23
..
Energy related tax revenue, % total environmental tax revenuePercentage..
(E71.98
(E71.69
(E72.54
(E73.14
(E72.73
(E70.38
(E70.83
(E69.83
(E69.14
(E67.95
(E70.60
(E69.40
(E68.50
(E68.64
(E69.61
(E69.78
..
Road transport-related tax revenue, % total environmental tax revenuePercentage..
(E25.81
(E25.64
(E24.85
(E24.28
(E24.65
(E26.85
(E26.51
(E27.35
(E27.92
(E28.96
(E26.50
(E26.62
(E27.47
(E27.35
(E26.74
(E26.54
..
Fossil fuel consumption support, % energy related tax revenuePercentage....
(E7.62
(E7.72
(E6.95
(E8.15
(E8.12
(E8.64
(E8.63
(E9.99
(E18.38
(E9.37
(E11.78
(E14.24
(E14.33
(E10.62
(E10.04
..
Fossil fuel consumption support, % total tax revenuePercentage....
(E0.30
(E0.32
(E0.31
(E0.37
(E0.34
(E0.36
(E0.33
(E0.37
(E0.64
(E0.38
(E0.47
(E0.54
(E0.53
(E0.39
(E0.36
..
Fossil fuel consumption support, % total fossil fuel supportPercentage....58.1060.5559.2453.3665.7170.0565.4572.8581.8368.3973.4780.6681.8879.2280.17..
Fossil fuel production support, % total fossil fuel supportPercentage....33.2331.4332.8340.6227.8025.4130.3023.3215.5922.5618.7216.4214.6216.6415.04..
Fossil fuel general services support, % total fossil fuel supportPercentage....8.678.027.936.026.494.534.253.822.589.057.802.913.504.154.79..
Petroleum support, % total fossil fuel supportPercentage....52.8554.1154.0448.0259.8461.6456.2763.7671.3559.5664.2770.9174.2469.9366.55..
Coal support, % total fossil fuel supportPercentage....30.1727.0326.5338.5424.6921.5625.5819.0913.3720.2516.8811.6310.0512.3313.40..
Gas support, % total fossil fuel supportPercentage....16.9818.8719.4313.4415.4716.7918.1517.1515.2820.2018.8517.4515.7117.7420.05..
Total fossil fuel support, % of total tax revenuePercentage....0.520.530.530.680.520.510.510.510.780.550.630.670.650.500.44..
Socio-economic contextReal GDP, Index 2000=100Index, 2000=10076.1884.53100.00101.41103.13105.30108.81111.85115.39118.49118.78114.67118.17120.44121.94123.49125.88128.68
Value added in agriculture, % of total value addedPercentage
(E2.78
(E2.50
(E2.14
(E2.06
(E1.95
(E1.96
(E1.99
(E1.82
(E1.71
1.721.711.641.751.841.80
(E1.88
(E1.81
(E1.81
Value added in industry, % of total value addedPercentage
(E29.38
(E28.54
(E27.40
(E26.63
(E25.96
(E25.83
(E26.04
(E26.09
(E26.44
(E26.33
(E25.95
(E24.36
(E24.94
(E25.07
(E24.86
(E24.76
(E24.74
(E24.76
Value added in services, % of total value addedPercentage
(E67.84
(E68.96
(E70.46
(E71.32
(E72.09
(E72.21
(E71.97
(E72.08
(E71.85
(E71.96
(E72.34
(E73.99
(E73.32
(E73.09
(E73.33
(E73.36
(E73.45
(E73.42
Real GDP per capitaUS Dollar, 201026 223.7227 914.5331 892.9732 120.0632 462.0332 912.9233 776.8634 478.2735 321.9236 001.6835 816.9134 339.3235 131.9135 611.8935 868.3536 125.1036 612.6137 210.90
Population density, inhabitants per km2Inhabitants..30.9332.0332.2532.4532.6832.9033.1333.3733.6233.6933.9234.1634.3534.5334.7234.92..
Labour tax revenue, % GDPPercentage17.0517.0717.7517.7316.8016.3916.1716.4516.7016.9917.1316.3716.2216.5716.7817.4216.8216.65
Labour tax revenue, % total tax revenuePercentage57.2757.0156.9757.9256.9256.0155.3754.9854.7855.4557.1657.1556.1756.3256.4257.0554.6553.58
Legend:
EEstimated value
IIncomplete data
Data extracted on 24 Sep 2017 01:25 UTC (GMT) from OECD.Stat

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